Examination of Individual, School, and Parent/Household Factors Affecting Private English Tutoring Costs of College Students

대학생의 영어 사교육 비용에 미치는 개인, 학교, 및 부모/가구요인에 대한 연구

  • Kim, Jung Eun (Dept. of Child and Family Welfare, University of Suwon)
  • 김정은 (수원대학교 아동가족복지학과)
  • Received : 2017.04.03
  • Accepted : 2017.06.28
  • Published : 2017.08.31


The current study aims to identify factors associated with private tutoring of college students in Korea. For this purpose, this study used the Korean Education and Employment Panel survey, which contains items regarding whether or not college students receive private tutoring as well as the monthly costs of private lessons. The current study focuses on private English lessons due to the very low response rates of other types of private tutoring. For the analysis, the 5th wave of KEEP collected in 2008 was selected, and a Heckman selection model was employed, including three categories of variables: individual, school, and parent/household factors. The results have revealed that for the selection model (receiving private English tutoring or not), having received private lessons in high school, gender, and level of satisfaction regarding the respondent's current university were significant. In terms of the outcome model (cost for private English tutoring in college), university admission type (rolling vs. regular), living with parents, school type (4-yr university vs. others), being in debt to cover private lesson fees in high school, and monthly household income had significant effects. This article also discusses the results and implications for future research and policy makers.



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