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The Effect of Social Supports, Psychological Behaviors, and Stress on the Depression Symptoms of College Students -Validation of Casual Model using Covariance Structure Analysis-

대학생의 사회적지지, 심리적 행동특성 및 스트레스가 우울수준에 미치는 영향 -공분산구조분석에 의한 인과모델의 검증-

  • Park, Ui-Su (Department of Medical Administration Information, Daejeon Health Institute of Technology) ;
  • Cho, Young-Chae (Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, College of medicine, Chungnam National University)
  • 박의수 (대전보건대학교 의무행정정보과) ;
  • 조영채 (충남대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실)
  • Received : 2017.03.20
  • Accepted : 2017.06.09
  • Published : 2017.06.30

Abstract

This study examined the influence of social support (social support from family, social support from friends), psychological behavioral characteristics (self-esteem, interpersonal dependency, locus of control), and stress on the depression levels of college students. The study subjects were 546 college students in D city. The survey was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire in October 2015. As a result, the depression levels were significantly higher in the group showing lower family and friends' social support, self-esteem, and locus of control, while it was significantly higher in the group showing higher interpersonal dependency and stress. The depression levels of the subjects showed a negative correlation with family and friends' social support, self-esteem, and locus of control, but a positive correlation with interpersonal dependency and stress. Covariance structure analysis revealed an increase in the depression levels of college students when the awareness of the stress source was higher, and when the awareness of social support or psychological behavioral characteristics was lower. These results suggest that the depression levels of college students would be increased when the social support and psychological behavioral characteristics are low, and when stress is high. In particular, it was influenced much more by stress than other factors. Therefore, to decrease the depression levels of college students, it would be necessary to put efforts to understand their main stress sources and then reduce them.

본 연구는 대학생의 사회적 지지(가족의 사회적 지지, 친구의 사회적 지지), 심리적 행동특성(자기존중감, 대인의존행동특성, 통제신념) 및 스트레스가 우울수준에 미치는 영향을 알아보기 위해 실시하였다. 조사대상은 D광역시의 남녀 대학생 546명으로 하였으며, 연구방법은 2015년 10월에 자기기입식 설문조사에 의하였다. 연구결과, 조사대상자의 우울수준은 가족의 사회적 지지, 친구의 사회적 지지, 자기존중감 및 통제신념이 높은 군보다 낮은 군에서 유의하게 높은 반면, 대인의존행동 특성과 스트레스가 낮은 군보다 높은 군에서 유의하게 높았다. 또한, 조사대상자의 우울수준은 가족의 사회적 지지, 친구의 사회적 지지, 자기존중감 및 통제신념과는 유의한 음의 상관관계를 보인 반면, 대인의존행동특성 및 스트레스와는 유의한 양의 상관관계를 보였다. 공분산 구조분석 결과, 스트레스원의 인지는 사회적 지지의 인지나 심리적 행동특성보다 우울수준에 더 큰 영향을 미쳤으며, 스트레스원의 인지가 높을수록, 사회적 지지의 인지나 심리적 행동특성이 낮을수록 우울수준을 증가시키는 효과가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 위와 같은 결과는 대학생들의 우울수준은 사회적 지지와 심리적 행동특성이 낮고, 스트레스가 높을 경우 증가한다는 것을 시사하고 있으며, 특히 다른 요인들보다 스트레스에 의해 더 큰 영향을 받고 있음을 알 수 있다. 따라서 대학생들의 우울수준을 감소시키기 위해서는 학생들이 경험하는 주요 스트레스원이 무엇인지 파악하고 스트레스원을 감소시키기 위한 노력이 필요하다고 생각된다.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 대전보건대학교

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