Influence of Self- efficacy for Smoking Cessation, Depression, Social Support and Nicotine Dependency in the College Male Smoker

남자 흡연 대학생의 금연 자기효능감, 우울 및 사회적 지지가 니코틴 의존도에 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2017.03.16
  • Accepted : 2017.06.20
  • Published : 2017.06.28


This study examined the influence of self- efficacy for smoking cessation, depression, social support and nicotine dependency in the college male smoker. This survey design was adopted for 149 male college students in Gyeongbuk. Data were gathered from September 7 to 18, 2016. Data was analyzed for descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and multiple regression. There was a significant positive correlation between depression and nicotine dependency. There was a significant negative correlation between self-efficacy for smoking cessation and nicotine dependency and between social support and nicotine dependency. The significant factors influencing nicotine dependency were self-efficacy for smoking cessation and depression. This model explained 34% of variance in nicotine dependency. The results suggest that an intervention program is needed to reduce the depression and to increase the ability of self-efficacy for smoking cessation in the college male smoker.

본 연구는 남자 흡연 대학생의 금연 자기효능감, 우울 및 사회적지지가 니코틴 의존도에 미치는 영향을 파악하기 위한 서술적 조사연구이다. 경북지역 2개 대학교 남학생 149명 대상으로 2016년 9월 7일~18까지 설문조사 하였고, SPSS 22.0을 사용해 서술통계, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, multiple regression으로 분석하였다. 남자 흡연 대학생의 일반적 특성 및 흡연관련 특성 중 학년 및 전공계열에 따라 니코틴 의존도가 유의한 차이를 보였다. 니코틴 의존도는 금연 자기효능감(r=-.54, p<.001), 사회적지지(r=-.26, p=.001)와 음의 상관관계를, 우울(r=.33, p<.001)과는 양의 상관관계를 나타냈다. 니코틴 의존도에 영향을 미치는 변수는 금연 자기효능감(${\beta}=-.48$, p<.001), 우울(${\beta}=.17$ p=.027)로 나타났고, 이들 변수의 니코틴 의존도에 대한 설명력은 34%이었다. 결론적으로, 남자 흡연 대학생을 위한 금연중재프로그램 적용 시 금연 자기효능감을 증진시키고, 우울을 감소시키는 방안이 필요하다.


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