DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Effects of Water Temperature, Light and Dredging on Benthic Flux from Sediment of the Uiam Lake, Korea

의암호에서 퇴적물 용출에 대한 수온, 빛과 퇴적물 제거의 영향

  • Youn, Seok Jea (Han River Environment Research Center, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Kim, Hun Nyun (Han River Environment Research Center, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Kim, Yong Jin (Han River Environment Research Center, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Im, Jong Kwon (Han River Environment Research Center, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Lee, Eun Jeong (Han River Environment Research Center, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Yu, Soon Ju (Han River Environment Research Center, National Institute of Environmental Research)
  • 윤석제 (국립환경과학원 한강물환경연구소) ;
  • 김헌년 (국립환경과학원 한강물환경연구소) ;
  • 김용진 (국립환경과학원 한강물환경연구소) ;
  • 임종권 (국립환경과학원 한강물환경연구소) ;
  • 이은정 (국립환경과학원 한강물환경연구소) ;
  • 유순주 (국립환경과학원 한강물환경연구소)
  • Received : 2017.07.19
  • Accepted : 2017.10.20
  • Published : 2017.11.30

Abstract

An experiment to study the effect of temperature, light, and dredging on release of nutrients downstream from Gongjicheon in the Uiam reservoir was carried out in the laboratory using sediments from different depths. At various water temperatures, dissolved total nitrogen was not released, but the average nutrient flux of dissolved total phosphorus was increased (0.034 at $15^{\circ}C$, 0.005 at $20^{\circ}C$, 0.154 at $25^{\circ}C$, $0.592mg/m^2/d$ at $30^{\circ}C$). Dissolved total phosphorous was released in controlled darkness. In contrast, in controlled light, the concentrations of dissolved total phosphorous and dissolved total nitrogen in the overlying water steadily decreased during the study period (70 d), because they were continuously consumed by the growth of photosynthetic algae. However, there was no significant relationship between water nutrient concentration, nutrient release, and the depth of the sediment. We concluded that the dredging of sediment would not affect the nutrient release rate of the sediment, because there were no significant differences in the nutrient concentrations released from the sediment. When the sediment was removed from the surface to 20 cm in depth, the nutrients were not transferred to the water body, implying that the sediment removal had little effect on secondary pollution.

References

  1. Beutel, M. W., Horne, A. J., Taylor, W. D., Losee, R. F., and Whitney D. (2008). Effects of Oxygen and Nitrate on Nutrient Release from Profundal Sediments of a Large, Oligomesotrophic Reservoir, Lake Mathews, California, Lake and Reservoir Management, 24(1), 18-29. https://doi.org/10.1080/07438140809354047
  2. Bormans, M., Marsalek, B., and Jancula, D. (2016). Controlling Internal Phosphorus Loading in Lakes by Physical Methods to Reduce Cyanobacterial Blooms: a Review, Aquatic Ecology, 50(3), 407-422. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10452-015-9564-x
  3. Cho, D. C., Lee, E. M., Park, B. G., and Kwon, S. H. (2011). Correlation of Releases of Nutrient Salts in Sediment with Vicinal Oxic Conditions, Journal of the Environmental Sciences, 20(7), 845-855. [Korean Literature] https://doi.org/10.5322/JES.2011.20.7.845
  4. Cho, Y. C. and Chung, S. W. (2007). Sediment Release Rate of Nutrients from Namyang Reservoir, Journal of Korean Society of Environment Engineers, 29(12), 1345-1354. [Korean Literature]
  5. Chung, J. (1993). Illustration of the Freshwater Algae of Korea, Academy publishing Company. [Korean Literature]
  6. Dalsgaard, T. (2003). Benthic Primary Production and Nutrient Cycling in Sediments with Benthic Microalgae and Transient Accumulation of Macroalgae, Limnology and Oceanography, 48(6), 2138-2150. https://doi.org/10.4319/lo.2003.48.6.2138
  7. Does, J. V., Verstraelen, P., Boers, P., Roestel, J. V., Roijackers, R., and Moser, G. (1992). Lake Restoration with and without Dredging of Phosphorus-enriched Upper Sediment Layers, Hydrobiologia, 233(1), 197-210. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00016108
  8. Hirose, H. M, Akiyama, T., Imahori, K., Kasaki, H., Kumano, S., Kobayasi, H., Tajahashi, E., Tsumura, T., Hirano, M., and Yamagishi, T. (1977). Illustrations of the Japanese freshwater algae, Uchidarokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan.
  9. Hou, D., He, J., Lu, C., Sun, Y., Zhang, F., and Otgonbayar, K. (2013). Effects of Environmental Factors on Nutrients Release at Sediment-Water Interface and Assessment of Trophic Status for a Typical Shallow Lake, Northwest China, The Scientific World Journal, 716342 http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/716342. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/716342
  10. Jensen, H. S. and Andersen, F. O. (1992). Importance of Temperature, Nitrate, and pH for Phosphate Release from Aerobic Sediments of Four Shallow, Eutrophic Lakes, Limnology and Oceanography, 37(3), 577-589. https://doi.org/10.4319/lo.1992.37.3.0577
  11. Jiang, K., Jin, X., Yao, Y., Li, L., and Wu, F. (2008). Effects of Biological Activity, Light, Temperature and Oxygen on Phosphorus Release Processes at the Sediment and Water Interface of Taihu Lake, China, Water Research, 42(8-9), 2251-2259. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2007.12.003
  12. Jin, X., Jiang, X., Yao, Y., Li, L., and Wu, F. C. (2006). Effects of Light and Oxygen on the Uptake and Distribution of Phosphorus at the Sediment-Water Interface, Science of the Total Environment, 357(1-3), 231-236. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2005.04.027
  13. Jin, X., Wang, S., Pang, Y., and Wu, F. C. (2006). Phosphorus Fractions and the Effect of pH on Phosphorus Release of the Sediments from Different Trophic Areas in Taihu Lake, China, Environmental Pollution, 139(2), 288-295. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2005.05.010
  14. John, D. M., Whittonand, B. A., and Brook, A. J. (2002). The Freshwater Algal Flora of the British lsles, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  15. Jun S. H. and Park, Y. A. (1989). Forms and Mobility of Sediment Phosphorus in Lake Soyang, Korean Journal of Limnology, 22(3), 261-271. [Korean Literature]
  16. Jung, H. Y. and Cho, K. J. (2003). SOD and Inorganic Nutrient Fluxes from Sediment in the Downstream of the Nagdong River, Korean Journal of Limnology, 36(3), 322-335. [Korean Literature]
  17. Jung, O. J. and Kim, Y. W. (2009). Analysis of Sediment Nutrients as Potential Sources of the Lake Water Quality, Korean Journal of Environmental Health, 35(5), 376-385. [Korean Literature] https://doi.org/10.5668/JEHS.2009.35.5.376
  18. Kairesalo, T., Tuominen, L., Hartikainen, H., and Rankine, K. (1995). The Role of Bacteria in the Nutrient Exchange between Sediment and Water in a Flow-through System, Microbial Ecology, 29(2), 129-144. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00167160
  19. Ki, B., Lim, B., Na, E. H., and Choi, J. H. (2010). A Study on the Nutrient Release Characteristics from Sediments in the Asan Reservoir, Journal of Korean Society of Environment Engineers, 32(1), 1169-1176. [Korean Literature]
  20. Kim, B. S., Lee, C. W., Seo, E. W., and Lee, J. E. (2012). The Influence of Sediment Control Dam Dredging on Benthic Macroinvertebrate Communities of Mountain Stream, Journal of Korean Forest Society, 101(3), 454-460. [Korean Literature]
  21. Kim, H. Y., Huh, I. A., and Choi, J. H. (2013). Investigation of Nutrient Release from the Sediments Near Weir in the Namhan River, Journal of Korean Society of Environment Engineers, 35(8), 554-563. [Korean Literature] https://doi.org/10.4491/KSEE.2013.35.8.554
  22. Kim, Y. J., Youn, S. J., Kim, H. N., Park, E. R., Hwang, M. Y., Park, J. R., Lee, B. C., and Lee, J. K. (2014). Formation of Phytoplankton Community and Occurrences of Odorous Compounds by Sediment Incubation, Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment, 30(6), 658-664. [Korean Literature] https://doi.org/10.15681/KSWE.2014.30.6.658
  23. Kim, Y. T., Kim, G. Y., Jeon, K. A., Lee, D. I., Yu, J., Kim, H. J., Kim, I. C., and Eom, K. H. (2013). Improvements in the Environmental Impact Assessment on Seawater and Sediment Qualities for Costal Dredging Projects, Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment and Safety, 19(2), 119-128. [Korean Literature] https://doi.org/10.7837/kosomes.2013.19.2.119
  24. Lee K. Y., Lee, K. C., Kim, J. E., Kim, S., Ahn, J. M., and Im, T. H. (2015). A Study on the Nutrient Release Characteristics from Sediments in Nak-dong River, Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment, 31(6), 644-652. [Korean Literature] https://doi.org/10.15681/KSWE.2015.31.6.644
  25. Lenox, L. J. (1984). Lough ennel: Laboratory Studies on Phosphorus Release under Varying Mixing, Aerobic and Anaerobic Conditions, Freshwater Biology, 14(2), 183-187. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.1984.tb00032.x
  26. Li, H., Liu, L., Li, M., and Zhang, X. (2013). Effects of pH Temperature, Dissolved Oxygen, and Flow Rate on Phosphorus Release Processes at the Sediment and Water Interface in Storm Sewer, Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/104316. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/104316
  27. Liu, C., Shen, Q., Zhou, Q., Fan, C., and Shao, S. (2015). Precontrol of Algae-induced Black Blooms Through Sediment Dredging at Appropriate Depth in a Typical Eutrophic Shallow Lake, Ecological Engineering, 77, 139-145. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2015.01.030
  28. Luijn F., Molen, D. T., Luttmer, W. J., and Boers, P. C. M. (1995). Influence of Benthic Diatoms on the Nutrient Release from Sediments of Shallow Lakes Recovering from Eutrophication, Water Science and Technology, 32(4), 89-97. https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.1995.0169
  29. Ministry of Environment (ME). (2012). 2012 White Paper of Environment, Ministry of Environment. [Korean Literature]
  30. Ministry of Environment (ME). (2016). Standard Method for the Examination of Water Pollution, Ministry of Environment. [Korean Literature]
  31. National Institute of Environmental Research (NIER). (2015). Physiological and Ecological Characteristics of Algae in the Lake Paldang (II), NIER-RP2015-359, National Institute of Environmental Research, 38-48. [Korean Literature]
  32. Oh, K. H., Kim, Y. J., and Cho, Y. C. (2015). Effects of Sediments on the Growth of Algae at Chusori Area in Daechung Reservoir, Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment, 31(5), 533-542. [Korean Literature] https://doi.org/10.15681/KSWE.2015.31.5.533
  33. Park S. W., Lee, H. W., Lee, Y. S., and Park, S. S. (2013). A Hydrodynamic Modeling Study to Analyze the Water Plume and Mixing Pattern of the Lake Euiam, Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment, 46(4), 488-498. [Korean Literature] https://doi.org/10.11614/KSL.2013.46.4.488
  34. Reddy, K. R., Fisher, M. M., Wang, Y., White, J. R., and James, R. T. (2007). Potential Effects of Sediment Dredging on Internal Phosphorus Loading in a Shallow, Subtropical Lake, Lake and Reservoir Management, 23(1), 27-38. https://doi.org/10.1080/07438140709353907
  35. Redfield, A. C. (1985). The Biological Control of Chemical Factors in the Environment, American Scientist, 46(3), 205-221.
  36. Sundback, K. and Graneli, W. (1988). Influence of Microphytobenthos on the Nutrient Flux between Sediment and Water: a Laboratory Study, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 43(1/2), 63-69. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps043063
  37. Woo, J. S., Choi, H., Lee, H. J., and Kim, T. H. (2014). Organic Matter in the Sediments of Youngsan River Estuary : Distribution and Sources, Journal of Environmental Science International, 23(7), 1375-1383. [Korean Literature] https://doi.org/10.5322/JESI.2014.23.7.1375
  38. Wu, Q., Zhang, R., Huang, S., and Zhang, H. (2008). Effects of Bacteria on Nitrogen and Phosphorus Release from River Sediment, Journal of Environmental Sciences, 20(4), 404-412. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1001-0742(08)62071-9
  39. Xie, L. Q., Xie, P., and Tang, H. J. (2003). Enhancement of Dissolved Phosphorus Release from Sediment to Lake Water by Microcystis Blooms-an Enclosure Experiment in a Hyper-eutrophic, Subtropical Chinese Lake, Environmental Pollution, 122(3), 391-399. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0269-7491(02)00305-6
  40. Yoon, M. H., Hyun, J. T., Huj, N. S., Kwon, S. H., and Cho, D. C. (2007). A Study on Release Characteristics of Lake Sediments under Oxic and Anoxic Conditions, Journal of Korean Society of Environment Engineers, 29(9), 1003-1012. [Korean Literature]
  41. You, K. A., Byeon, M. S., Youn, S. J., Hwang, S. J., and Rhew, D. H. (2013). Growth Characteristics of Blue-green Algae (Anabaena spiroides) causing Tastes and Odors in the North-Han River, Korea, Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment, 46(1), 135-144. [Korean Literature] https://doi.org/10.11614/KSL.2013.46.1.135
  42. Yu, S. H., Lee, B. Y., Lee, K. H., Park, S. J., and Lee, C. H. (2011). Dredging Bottom Sediments of Seoha Weir at the Downstream of Kyongan Stream can be Used as a Feasible Pollutant Load Reduction Option in the Total Pollutant Load Management System of Kwangju City?, Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment, 27(1), 19-29. [Korean Literature]
  43. Zhong, J., You, B., Fan, C., Li, B., Zhang, L., and Ding, S. (2008). Influence of Sediment Dredging on Chemical Forms and Release of Phosphorus, Pedosphere, 18(1), 34-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1002-0160(07)60100-3