Assemblage and Its Geographical Implication

아상블라주의 개념과 지리학적 함의

  • Kim, Sook-Jin (Geography Department, College of Science, Konkuk University)
  • 김숙진 (건국대학교 이과대학 지리학과)
  • Received : 2016.06.25
  • Published : 2016.06.30

Abstract

Assemblage has become a popular concept in modern socio-spatial theories with relational and material turns. This article investigates the concept of assemblage focusing on Deleuze and Guattari. By comparing similar concepts such as Foucault's apparatus and Actor-Network Theory, this article demonstrates that assemblage emphasizes not only deterritorialization but also (re)territorialization, and that the exteriality of relations is a critical aspect that differentiate assemblage from other relational spatial concepts. Assemblage can highlight the value of empiricism as an analytical tool, and be open to new spatial imaginations as well as multiple existences and possiblities of alternative political projects and practices.

최근 관계적, 물질적 전환이라는 거대한 흐름 속에서 아상블라주라는 개념은 현대 사회공간이론의 가장 친숙한 어휘가 되어가고 있다. 본 논문은 아상블라주 본연의 개념을 탐색하기 위해 먼저 개념의 전체적인 틀과 사유의 방식을 제공한 들뢰즈와 가타리의 작업에 주목한다. 유사개념과의 비교를 통해서는 푸코의 장치 개념을 아상블라주의 한 유형으로 봄으로써 아상블라주가 탈영역화뿐만 아니라 (재)영역화라는 두 가지 모두의 성향에 의해 구성됨을 확인하였으며, 관계의 외재성은 아상블라주 이론이 행위자연결망 이론(Actor-Network Theory)과 같은 다른 형태의 관계적 사고와 차이점을 보이는 부분임을 강조했다. 마지막으로 아상블라주는 분석적 측면에서 형성과 과정에 주목함으로써 경험주의의 가치를 재조명할 수 있고, 정치적 측면에서 아상블라주의 다양체(multiplicity)와 중첩결정에 대한 용인이라는 특성으로 인해 다수의 정치적 프로젝트, 실천, 결과의 실질적 공존과 새로운 공간적 상상력에 개방적이라는 장점을 가진다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 건국대학교

References

  1. 김숙진, 2006, "생태환경공간의 생산과 그 혼종성(hybridity)에 대한 분석: 청계천 복원을 사례로," 한국도시지리학회지, 9(2), 113-124.
  2. 김숙진, 2010, "행위자-연결망 이론을 통한 과학과 자연의 재해석," 대한지리학회, 45(4), 461-477.
  3. 박경환, 2014, "글로벌 시대 인문지리학에 있어서 행위자-네트워크 이론(ANT)의 적용 가능성," 한국도시지리학회지, 17(1), 57-78.
  4. 박배균, 2010, "장소마케팅과 장소의 영역화: 본질주의적 장소관에 대한 비판을 중심으로," 한국경제지리학회지, 13(3), 498-513.
  5. 이현재, 2012, "다양한 공간개념과 공간 읽이의 가능성 - 절대적, 상대적, 관계적 공간개념을 중심으로," 시대와 철학, 23(4), 221-248.
  6. 임동근(역), 2008, 신자유주의 세계화의 공간들, 문학과 과학사(Harvey, D., 2006, Spaces of Global Capitalism, Verso, New York).
  7. 최병두, 2016, "행위자-네트워크이론과 위상학적 공간 개념," 공간과사회, 25(3), 125-172.
  8. Agamben, G., 2009, What is an apparatus? And other essays, Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA.
  9. Allen, J. and Cochrane, A., 2007, Beyond the territorial fix: Regional assemblages, politics and power, Regional Studies, 41(9), 1161-1175. https://doi.org/10.1080/00343400701543348
  10. Allen, J. and Cochrane, A., 2010, Assemblages of state power: topological shifts in the organization of government and politics, Antipode, 42(5), 1071-1089. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8330.2010.00794.x
  11. Anderson, B., Kearnes, M., McFarlane, C., and Swanton, D., 2012, On assemblages and geography, Dialogues in Human Geograhy, 2(2), 171-189. https://doi.org/10.1177/2043820612449261
  12. Bakker, K., and Bridge, G. 2006, Material worlds? Resource geographies and the 'matter of nature,' Progress in Human Geography, 30(1), 5-27. https://doi.org/10.1191/0309132506ph588oa
  13. Bennett, J., 2010, Vibrant matter: a political ecology of things, Duke University Press, Durham, NC.
  14. Braun, B., 2006, Environmental issues: global natures in the space of assemblage, Progress in Human Geography, 30(5), 644-654. https://doi.org/10.1177/0309132506070180
  15. Butler, J., 1990, Gender Trouble, Routledge, New York.
  16. Castree, N., 2003, Environmental issues: relational analogies and hybrid politics, Progress in Human Geography, 27, 203-211. https://doi.org/10.1191/0309132503ph422pr
  17. Colls, R., 2012, Feminism, bodily difference and non-representational geographies, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 37(3), 430-445. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-5661.2011.00477.x
  18. Crang, M. and Thrift, N., 2000, Thinking Space, Routledge, New York.
  19. DeLanda, M., 2006, A new philosophy of society: assemblage theory and social complexity, Continuum, London.
  20. Deleuze, G., and Guattari, F., 1983, Anti-Oedipus, Translated by Brian Massumi, University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis.
  21. Deleuze, G., and Guattari, F., 1987, A Thousand Plateaus, University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis.
  22. Deleuze, G., and Parnet, C., 1987, Dialogues, Columbia University Press, New York.
  23. Deleuze, G., 1992, What is a dispositif, in Armstrong, T. J., (eds.) Foucault: philosopher, Harvester Wheatsheaf, New York, 159-168.
  24. Dewsbury, J-D, 2011, The Deleuze-Guattarian assemblage: plastic habits, Area, 43(2), 148-153. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4762.2011.01006.x
  25. Dittmer, J., 2014, Geopolitical assemblages and complexity, Progress in Human Geography, 38(3), 385-401. https://doi.org/10.1177/0309132513501405
  26. Elden, S., 2009, Terror and territory: The spatial extent of sovereignty, University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis.
  27. Foucault, M., 1980, Power/knowledge: selected interviews and other writings, 1972-1977, Harvester Press, Brighton.
  28. Foucault, M., 2007, Security, territory, population: lectures at the College de France 1977-78, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke.
  29. Gibson-Graham, J. K., 1996, The end of capitalism (as we knew it): a feminist critique of political economy, Blackwell, Cambridge, MA.
  30. Grosz, E., 1994, Volatile bodies: toward a corporeal feminism, Indiana University Press, Bloomington.
  31. Harvey, D., 1973, Social Justice and the City, Edward Arnold, London.
  32. Jackson, P., 2000, Rematerializing social and cultural geography, Social & Cultural Geography, 1(1), 9-14. https://doi.org/10.1080/14649369950133449
  33. Jessop, B., Brenner, N., and Jones, M., 2008, Theorizing sociospatial relations, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 28, 389-401.
  34. Jones, M., 2009, Phase space: geography, relational thinking and beyond, Progress in Human Geography, 33(4), 487-506. https://doi.org/10.1177/0309132508101599
  35. Latour, B., 2005, Reassembling the social, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  36. Lees, L., 2002, Rematerializing geography: the 'new' urban geography, Progress in Human Geography, 26(1), 101-12. https://doi.org/10.1191/0309132502ph358pr
  37. Legg, S., 2011, Assemblage/apparatus: using Deleuze and foucault, Area, 43(2), 128-133. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4762.2011.01010.x
  38. Leszczynski, A., 2009, Rematerializing GIScience, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 27(4), 609-615. https://doi.org/10.1068/d1607b
  39. Li, T. M., 2007, Practices of assemblage and community forest management, Economy and Society, 36(2), 263-293. https://doi.org/10.1080/03085140701254308
  40. Marcus, G.E., and Saka, E., 2006, Assemblage, Theory, Culture & Society, 23(2-3), 101-109. https://doi.org/10.1177/0263276406062573
  41. Massey, D., 1993, Power-geometry and a progressive sense of place, in Bird, J., Curtis, B., Putnam, T. and Tickner, N. (eds.), Mapping the Futures: Local Cultures, Global Change, Routledge, London, 59-69.
  42. Massey, D., 1997, A global sense of place, in Barns, T. and Gregory, D. (eds.), Reading Human Geography, Arnold, London, 315-323.
  43. Massey, D., 2005, For Space, Sage, London.
  44. Massey, D., 2011, A counterhegemonic relationality of place in McCann, E. and Ward, K., (eds.), Mobile urbanism: cities and policy-making in the global age, University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis MN, 1-14.
  45. McCann, E., 2011, Veritable inventions: cities, policies and assemblage, Area, 43(2), 143-147. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4762.2011.01011.x
  46. McFarlane, C., 2009, Translocal assemblages: space, power and social movements, Geoforum, 40(4), 561-567. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2009.05.003
  47. McFarlane, C., 2011, The city as assemblage: dwelling and urban space, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 29, 649-671. https://doi.org/10.1068/d4710
  48. McGuirk, P. M., and Dowling, R. 2009, Neoliberal privatisation? Remapping the public and the private in Sydney's masterplanned residential estates, Political Geography, 28(3), 174-185. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polgeo.2009.05.004
  49. Meehan, K., Shaw, I., Graham, R., and Marston, S. A., 2013, Political geographies of the object, Political Geography, 33(March), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polgeo.2012.11.002
  50. Muller, M., 2015, Assemblages and Actor-networks: Rethinking socio-material power, politics and space, Geography Compass, 9(1), 27-40. https://doi.org/10.1111/gec3.12192
  51. Robbins, P., 2004, Political ecology: A critical introduction, Blackwell, New York.
  52. Robbins, P., and Marks, B., 2010, Assemblage Geographies, in Smith, S., Plain, R., Marston, S..A. and Jones III, J.P., (eds.), The SAGE Handbook of Social Geographies, 176-194, SAGE, LA.
  53. Rose, N., 1999, Powers of freedom: reframing political thought, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  54. Saldanha, A., 2007, Psychedelic White: Goa Trance and the viscosity of race, University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis.
  55. Slocum, R., 2008, Thinking race through corporeal feminist theory: divisions and Intimacies at the Minneapolis Farmers' Market, Social & Cultural Geography, 9(8), 849-869. https://doi.org/10.1080/14649360802441465
  56. Smith, N., 1996, The production of nature, in Robertson, G., Mash, M., Tickner, L., Bird, J., Curtis, B., and Putnam, T., (eds.), FutureNatural: Nature/Science/Culture, Routledge, New York, 35-54.
  57. Squire, V., 2015, Reshaping critical geopolitics? The materialist challenge, Review of International Studies, 41(1), 139-159. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0260210514000102
  58. Thrift, N., 1996, Spatial Formations, Sage, London.
  59. Thrift, N., 2004, Intensities of feeling: towards a spatial politics of affect, Geographiska Annaler Series B, 86, 57-78. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0435-3684.2004.00154.x
  60. Thrift, N., 2008, Non-Representational Theory: Space, Practice and Affect, Routledge, New York.
  61. Whatmore, S., 2006, Materialist returns: practising cultural geography in and for a more-than-human world. Cultural Geographies, 13, 600-609. https://doi.org/10.1191/1474474006cgj377oa