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아버지의 양육참여도 및 양육행동이 아동의 행복감에 미치는 영향

Effects of Fathers' Parenting Involvement and Parenting Behaviors on Child Happiness

  • 장영애 (인천대학교 소비자.아동학과) ;
  • 김상림 (인천대학교 소비자.아동학과)
  • Jang, Young Ae (Dept. of Consumer and Child Studies, Incheon National University) ;
  • Kim, Sang Lim (Dept. of Consumer and Child Studies, Incheon National University)
  • 투고 : 2016.05.04
  • 심사 : 2016.05.21
  • 발행 : 2016.05.31

초록

The study examined the effects of fathers' parenting involvement and parenting behaviors on child happiness. A total of 270 elementary school students in 4th, 5th, and 6th grades (139 boys and 131 girls) participated in the study and completed the questionnaires. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, analyses of variances, correlation coefficients, and multiple regression. Fathers' parenting involvement and parenting behaviors did not differ by gender and grades, but child happiness partially differed in response to those factors. Additionally, child happiness was significantly positively correlated with fathers' parenting involvement and parenting behaviors. Moreover, fathers involvement in leisure activities, daily-life guidance, and study guidance, as well as their being warm receptive and rejective restrictive parenting behaviors were found to be significant variables influencing child happiness. Overall, the results of this study suggest fathers' play important roles in child happiness and that development of an education program for fathers is warranted.

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