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Enhancement of Korea medical delivery system : Two policy proposals and healthcare policy making governance

의료전달체계 정립을 위한 두 가지 정책 제안과 보건의료정책 거버넌스에 관한 연구

  • O, Dongil (Department of Finance and Management, SangMyung University)
  • 오동일 (상명대학교 금융경영학과)
  • Received : 2016.01.21
  • Accepted : 2016.04.07
  • Published : 2016.04.30

Abstract

The Medical Service Act of Korea describes a clinic as providing services primarily to outpatients, while a large general hospital provides specialized medical services requiring a high level of expertise for treating serious diseases. The portion of medical revenue for clinics has been decreasing gradually compared with large hospitals. This article proposes two fundamental medical policies to fix the distorted medical delivery system of Korea. Firstly, uniform additional medical remuneration rates based on the type of medial institution should be divided into outpatient additional rates and inpatient additional rates. Secondly, to normalize the function of clinics and large general hospitals, an outpatient medical target budget system should be introduced. Finally, to properly implement the proposal, it is important to establish healthcare policy-making governance. The success of policy implementation strongly depends on the participation and incentives of the government, suppliers, and patients. Healthcare policy-making governance must be designed to encompass this fact and improve quality of care.

의료법에서는 의원은 외래환자를, 상급종합병원은 중증의 입원환자를 전문적으로 치료하는 의료기관으로 규정하고 있다. 그러나 일차의료를 제공하는 의원의 외래환자수는 위축되는 반면 상급종합병원의 외래진료비 비중은 지속적으로 증가하고 있다. 이 연구에서는 우리나라 의료전달체계를 정상화하기 위한 보다 근원적인 방안으로 두 가지 정책안을 제시하고 이 정책을 정착시키고 성공시키기 위한 보건의료정책 거버넌스에 관한 제안을 담고 있다. 상급종합병원의 중증 환자 진료기능을 강화하기 위하여 현행 종별가산율을 외래와 입원 종별가산율로 분리하고 외래진료비 목표관리제 도입이라는 두 가지 방안을 제시하였다. 그리고 이들 정책안을 큰 부작용없이 성공시키기 위한 보건의료 정책 거버넌스를 제안하였다. 보건의료 정책 거버넌스는 의료공급자, 환자의 참여와 동기부여가 전제되어야 하며 장기적인 관점에서는 향후 의료 질을 반영할 수 있도록 설계되어야 한다.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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