A study on types of AIDS perception : Focus on Q-methodology Application

AIDS인식 유형에 대한 연구 : Q방법론 적용을 중심으로

  • Ahn, Lee-Su (Department of Public law administration, ShinHan University)
  • 안이수 (신한대학교 공법행정학과)
  • Received : 2016.07.27
  • Accepted : 2016.10.07
  • Published : 2016.10.31


The purpose of this study is to analyze the cognizance of AIDS by applying the Q methodology, as well as to provide preliminary data for developing AIDS prevention campaigns. A Q population was identified from a literature search and in-depth interviews. The study process analyzed the P sample, the study participants, using the Q-sorting methodology to produce the Q sample, which is composed of statements from October 20 to 27, 2014. 20 participants (analyzed) 27 statements and 3 types of AIDS cognizance were produced as a result. These types are 1(N=9), 2(N=6), and 3(N=5), which correspond to denial, social support, and selfish motivation, respectively. The members of the denial type had a strongly negative opinion about AIDS, whereas the social support type showed a friendly gesture. The selfish motivation type took a neutral stance. The common and different points, as well as the distinctive features of these types, were studied. The accomplishments of this study include suggesting an efficient strategy for making an AIDS control policy, as well as a qualitative analysis, through the employment of the Q-methodology, which is useful for understanding human beings' (internal viewpoint).

본 연구는 Q방법론을 통하여 에이즈에 대한 인식을 분석하여, 향후 에이즈 예방캠페인 개발에 기초자료를 제공하는데 그 목적이 있다. 연구의 분석과정은 문헌자료 및 심층면담을 실시하여 Q모집단을 수집하였다. 2014년 10월 20일부터 27일까지 진술문으로 구성된 Q표본을 가지고, 이를 연구 대상자인 P표본이 자가 참조에 따라 분류하는 방식으로 진행되었다. 27개의 Q 표본을 선정하여 20명에게 분류토록 한 결과 모두 3개의 에이즈에 인식에 대한 유형이 도출되었다. 분석된 결과 총 3가지의 유형 즉 제1유형(N=9) : 부정형, 제2유형[(N=6) : 사회적 지지형, 제3유형(N=5) : 이기적 사고형으로 분류되었다. 부정형은 에이즈에 대하여 부정적 견해가 강했고, 사회적 지지형은 우호적 의견을 보였고, 이기적 사고형은 중립적 견해를 보였다. 그리고 각 유형의 특징과 함께 유형별 공통점과 차이점을 살펴보았다. 본 연구의 의미는 인간의 내면을 이해하는데 유용한 Q 방법론을 이용한 연구라는 점과 함께 에이즈 예방 및 관리정책의 효율적 전략을 제안한 점이라 하겠다.


Supported by : 신한대학교


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