DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Heating Behavior of Silicon Carbide Fiber Mat under Microwave

  • Khishigbayar, Khos-Erdene (Ceramic Fiber and Composite Materials Center, Korea Institute of Ceramic Engineering and Technology) ;
  • Seo, Jung-Min (Ceramic Fiber and Composite Materials Center, Korea Institute of Ceramic Engineering and Technology) ;
  • Cho, Kwang-Youn (Ceramic Fiber and Composite Materials Center, Korea Institute of Ceramic Engineering and Technology)
  • 투고 : 2016.10.06
  • 심사 : 2016.11.09
  • 발행 : 2016.11.30

초록

A small diameter of SiC fiber mat can produce much higher heat under microwave irradiation than the other types of SiC materials. Fabrication of high strength SiC fiber consists of iodine vapor curing on polycarbosilane precursor and heat treatment process. The curing stage of polycarbosilane fiber was maintained at $150-200^{\circ}C$ in a vacuum condition under the iodine vapor to fabricate a high thermal radiation SiC fiber. The structure and morphology of the fibers were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TG) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). In this study, the thermal properties of SiC fiber mats under microwave have been analyzed with an IR thermal camera and its image analyzer. The prepared SiC fiber mats radiated high temperature with extremely high heating rate up to $1100^{\circ}C$ in 30 seconds. The fabricated SiC fiber mats were not oxidized after the heat radiation process under the microwave irradiation.

과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : Korea Institute of Ceramic Engineering and Technology

참고문헌

  1. S. Yajima, J. Hayashi, J. Omori, and K. Okamura, "Development of a Silicon Carbide Fibre with High Tensile Strength," Nature, 261 [5562] 683-85 (1976). https://doi.org/10.1038/261683a0
  2. R. Warren and C. H. Anderson, "Silicon Carbide Fibres and Their Potential to Use in Composite Materials. Part II," Composites, 15 [2] 101-11 (1984). https://doi.org/10.1016/0010-4361(84)90721-3
  3. E. Fitzer and R. Gadow, "Fiber-Reinforced Silicon Carbide," Am. Ceram. Soc. Bull., 65 [2] 326-35 (1986).
  4. T. Ishikawa, Y. Kohtoku, K. Kumagawa, T. Yamamura, and T. Nagasawa, "High-Strength Alkali-resistant Sintered SiC Fibre Stable to 2200$^{\circ}C$," Nature, 391 [6669] 773-75 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1038/35820
  5. Z. Chu, H. Cheng, Y. Zhou, Q. Wang and J. Wang, "Anisotropic Microwave Absorbing Properties of Oriented SiC Short Fiber Sheet," Mater. Des., 31 [6] 3140-45 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2009.12.026
  6. S. C. Fong, C. Y. Wang, T. H. Chang, and T. S. Chin, "Crystallization of Amorphous Si Film by Microwave Annealing with SiC Susceptors," Appl. Phys. Lett., 94 [10] 102104 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3097019
  7. C. Dong, J. Guo, G.C. Fu, L.H. Yang, and H. Chen, "Rapid Preparation of $MgB_2$ Superconductor Using Hybrid Microwave Synthesis," Supercond. Sci. Tech., 17 [12] L55-7 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-2048/17/12/L01
  8. O. Peltosaari, P. Tanskanen, E. P. Heikkinen, and T. Fabritius, "${\alpha}{\rightarrow}{\gamma}{\rightarrow}{\beta}$-phase Transformation of Spodumene with Hybrid Microwave and Conventional Furnaces," Miner. Eng., 82 54-60 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mineng.2015.04.012
  9. P. D. Ramesh, D. Brandon, and L. Schachter, "Use of Partially Oxidized SiC Particle Bed for Microwave Sintering of Low Loss Ceramics," Mater. Sci. Eng. A., 266 [1-2] 211-20 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-5093(99)00017-9
  10. J. Lasri, P. D. Ramesh, and L. Schachter, "Energy Conversion During Microwave Sintering of a Multiphase Ceramic Surrounded by a Susceptor," J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 83 [6] 1465-68 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1151-2916.2000.tb01411.x
  11. Evaluation of SiC Heating in a Microwave Field, http://www.ceralink.com/sites/default/files/EvaluationofSiCHeatinginaMicrowaveField.pdf, Accessed on 20/09/2016.
  12. R. Heuguet, S. Marinel, A. Thuault and A. Badev, "Effects of the Susceptor Dielectric Properties on the Microwave Sintering of Alumina," J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 96 [12] 3728-36 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1111/jace.12623
  13. X. G. Liu, Y.D. Wang, L. Wang, J. G. Xue, and X. Y. Lan, "Preparation and Microwave Electromagnetic Properties of Cross Shaped SiC Fibers," J. Inorg. Mater., 25 [4] 441-44 (2010). https://doi.org/10.3724/SP.J.1077.2010.00441
  14. H. Jeong, D. K. Hsu, and P. K. Liaw, "Anisotropic Conductivities of Multiphase Particulate Metal-Matrix Composites," Compos. Sci. Technol., 58 [1] 65-76 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0266-3538(97)00093-6
  15. D. G. Shin, K. Y. Cho, and D. H. Riu, "A Porous SiC Mat for a Gas Radiation Application by Melt-Blown of the Polycarbosilane," Asian. J. Chem., 24 [9] 4225-31 (2012).
  16. J. Hong, K.Y. Cho, D.-G. Shin, J.-I. Kim, S. T. Oh, and D.H. Riu, "Low-Temperature Chemical Vapour Curing Using Iodine for Fabrication of Continuous Silicon Carbide Fibres from Low-Molecular-Weight Polycarbosilane," J. Mater. Chem. A, 2 [8] 2781-93 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1039/c3ta13727a
  17. K.Y. Cho, D. G. Shin, and D. H. Riu, "Silicon Carbide and Method of Fabricating Thereof"; Korean Patent 10-1209110 (November 30, 2012).
  18. J. Hong, K. Y. Cho, D. G. Shin, J. I. Kim, and D. H. Riu, "Iodine Diffusion during Iodine-Vapor Curing and Its Effects on the Morphology of Polycarbosilane/Silicon Carbide Fibers," J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 132 [47] 42687 (2015).
  19. R. Pitchumani, P. K. Liaw, S. C. Yao, D. K. Hsu, and H. Jeong, "An Eddy Current Technique for the Measurement of Constituent Volume Fractions in a Three-Phase Metal-Matrix Composite," J. Compos. Mater., 28 [18] 1742-69 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1177/002199839402801801
  20. H. Wang, R. Zhang, C. Wang, X. He, Y. Huang, and X. Hu, "Process and Mechanism of Microwave of Sintering SiCCu/Al Composites," J. Chin. Ceram. Soc., 34 [12] 1431-36 (2006).
  21. S. R. Levine, E. J. Opila, M. C. Haibig, J. D. Kiser, M. Singh and J. A. Salem, "Evaluation of Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics for Aeropropulsion Use," J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., 22 [14-15] 2757-67 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0955-2219(02)00140-1

피인용 문헌

  1. Microwave-Assisted Heating of Electrospun SiC Fiber Mats vol.54, pp.6, 2017, https://doi.org/10.4191/kcers.2017.54.6.04