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The Effect of an Organ Donation Education on Undergraduate Students' Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Will to Organ Donation

장기기증 교육이 대학생의 장기기증에 대한 지식, 태도, 실천의지에 미치는 효과

  • 김정숙 (한국성서대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 장인순 (한국성서대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2016.02.17
  • Accepted : 2016.07.19
  • Published : 2016.11.30

Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the effects of organ donation education on undergraduate students' knowledge, attitude and practice will to organ donation. Methods: The study used a quasi-experimental design. A total of 164 students from K university, Seoul, Korea were recruited; 74 in the experimental group and 90 in the control group. The experimental group received an education on organ donation developed by researchers. A structured questionnaire was used to measure the student's knowledge, attitude and practice will to organ donation before and after the education. Data were analyzed using t-test, ${\chi}^2$-test, and ANCOVA with SPSS WIN 21.0 program. Results: After the intervention, we found that the scores of knowledge, knowledge of the definition of brain death, donation attitude, total scores of attitude, emotional attitude, and behavioral attitude were significantly higher in the experimental group than the those of control group. Total knowledge scores were positively correlated with subscales of the knowledge scale and all subscales of attitude toward organ donation. Conclusion: The results indicate that organ donation education is effective to enhance knowledge and attitude to organ donation in undergraduate students.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국성서대학교

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