Development and Validation of a Situational Judgment Test for a Competencey of Public Ethics: A Case of an University in South Korea

대학생 상황판단형 공적윤리 역량 진단도구 개발과 타당화: S대학교를 중심으로

  • 송영숙 (숭실대학교 베어드학부대학)
  • Received : 2015.03.20
  • Accepted : 2015.07.16
  • Published : 2015.07.31


This paper aims to develop and validate a situational judgement test to diagnose the Competencey of public ethics for undergraduates. A criterion group composing of high performers was formed. Critical incidents and responses were developed from interviews with members of the criterion group. Also an expert committee was composed of six university members who have professional knowledge and experience on Competencey based selection or education. This committee reviewed all the items developed and selected some of them for the final test. Item validity and reliability were examined through the final test that 519 college students took. The result of the confirmatory as well as exploratory factor analysis showed that the Competencey of public ethics consisted of 2 sub-elements which were work ethics and democratic citizenship. The correlation between results of the test and the HEXACO model was statistically significant. Overall, the findings of the study highlight that a situational judgement test can be developed and utilized to diagnose Competencey levels of public ethics for undergraduates.

본 연구의 목적은 S대학교 사례에 기초하여 대학생 상황판단형 공적윤리 역량 진단도구를 개발하고, 개발된 진단도구의 타당성을 검증하는 것이다. 이를 위해 준거집단과 전문가 위원회를 구성하고, 중요 상황 수집과 상황 시나리오를 개발하였다. 또한 반응대안 개발과 가중치 추출을 실시하고, 519명의 학생들을 대상으로 본 조사를 실시하여 진단도구에 대한 타당도 분석을 수행하였다. 탐색적 요인분석과 확인적 요인분석결과 2개 요인으로 수렴되었으며, 구조모형의 적합성을 확인하였다. 또한, 기존에 공인된 HEXOCO 성격검사의 정직/겸손성 요인과의 상관분석 결과, 공적윤리 역량의 세부 역량은 정직/겸손성 요인의 하위요인 모두와 통계적으로 유의한 상관을 나타내고 있어 공적윤리 역량 측정도구는 개인의 윤리적 행동과 공공성의 특성파악에 유용하다는 것을 확인하였다. 이와 같은 결과는 대학생들이 인격과 지성을 겸비한 우수 인재로 성장하기 위해 필수적인 공적윤리역량을 진단하는 데 있어 상황판단형 역량진단도구를 대학의 특성에 맞도록 개발하여 학생의 선발이나 역량개발, 교육과정 개편, 교육프로그램 효과 분석 등에 다양하게 활용하는데 시사점을 제시하고 있다.



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