Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Using the Gail Model: a Turkish Study

  • Erbil, Nulufer (Department of Nursing, School of Health, Ordu University) ;
  • Dundar, Nursel (Special Anlam Anatolian Health Vocational High School) ;
  • Inan, Cigdem (Disabled Care and Rehabilitation Programme, Vocational Higher School of Ikizce, Ordu University) ;
  • Bolukbas, Nurgul (Department of Nursing, School of Health, Ordu University)
  • Published : 2015.02.04


Purpose: This study was conducted to determine risk of developing of breast cancer among Turkish women. Materials and Methods: Using a descriptive and cross-sectional approach, data were collected from 231 women. Breast cancer risk was calculated using the National Cancer Institute's on-line verson of called as the Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool or the Gail Risk Assesment Tool. Results: The average age of women was $45.0{\pm}8.06$ years. It was revealed that 6.1% of participants reported having first degree relatives who had had breast cancer, with only four women having more than one first-degree relative affected (1.7%). The mean five-year breast cancer risk for all women was $0.88{\pm}0.91%$, and 7.4% of women had a five-year breast cancer risk >1.66% in this study. Mean lifetime breast cancer risk up to age 90 years was $9.3{\pm}5.2%$. Conclusions: The breast cancer risk assessment tool can help in the clinical management of patient seeking advice concerning screening and prevention. Healthcare providers in Turkey can use this approach to estimate an individual's probability of developing breast cancer.


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