Effects of Sulfuric Acid on the Synthesis of Highly Pure Calcium Borate in the Boron-Containing Brine and Bittern

붕소함유 염수와 간수로부터 고순도 calcium borate를 합성하는 반응에 황산이 미치는 영향

  • Seo, Hyo-Jin (Department of Convergence Study on the Ocean Science and Technology, Ocean Science and Technology School, Korea Maritime and Ocean University) ;
  • Kim, Myoung-Jin (Department of Environmental Engineering, Korea Maritime and Ocean University)
  • 서효진 (한국해양대학교 해양과학기술전문대학원 해양과학기술융합학과) ;
  • 김명진 (한국해양대학교 환경공학과)
  • Received : 2015.11.23
  • Accepted : 2015.12.10
  • Published : 2015.12.31


In this study, we investigated the effects of sulfuric acid on the synthesis of calcium borate in the artificial boron-containing brine (bittern) saturated with calcium hydroxide. For the study, we attempted to synthesize calcium borate under various conditions such as reaction temperature, reaction time, and cooling temperature after heating, and then to examine the recovery and purity of the calcium borate according to the presence or absence of sulfuric acid at each condition. The XRD analysis confirmed that, regardless of the presence of sulfuric acid, the calcium borate ($Ca_2B_2O_5{\cdot}H_2O$) was synthesized, while, in the presence of sulfuric acid, the calcium sulfate ($CaSO_4{\cdot}0.5H_2O$) was produced as a by-product. In all the experiments performed by varying the reaction temperature and time, the recovery and purity of the calcium borate without sulfuric acid were observed higher than those with it. The results indicated that the addition of sulfuric acid increased the solubility of the calcium hydroxide, but the calcium sulfate produced as a by-product could decrease the recovery and purity of the calcium borate by preventing the synthesis. In this study, the artificial boron-containing brine (bittern) (500 mg-B/L) was saturated with calcium hydroxide in the absence of sulfuric acid, and then the solution was heated at $80-105^{\circ}C$ for less than 10 minutes to synthesize the calcium borate. The recovery and purity of calcium borate were measured as high as 80 % and 96 %, respectively.

본 연구에서는 붕소함유 인공염수(간수)를 수산화칼슘으로 포화시켜 calcium borate를 합성하는 반응에서, 첨가하는 황산이 미치는 영향을 알아보았다. 다양한 조건(반응온도, 반응시간, 가열반응 후 방랭온도)에서 calcium borate 합성을 시도하였고, 각 조건에서 황산 첨가유무에 따른 calcium borate의 회수율과 순도 변화를 알아보았다. XRD 분석을 통해 황산의 첨가유무에 상관없이 calcium borate($Ca_2B_2O_5{\cdot}H_2O$)가 생성되었음을 확인하였고, 황산을 첨가하면 부산물로 황산칼슘(($CaSO_4{\cdot}0.5H_2O$) 이 생성되었다. 황산을 첨가하지 않았을 때, 실험한 모든 반응온도와 반응시간 조건에서 calcium borate의 회수율과 순도가 황산을 첨가했을 때보다 더 높았다. 황산을 첨가하면 수산화칼슘의 용해도는 높아지지만, 부산물로 생성되는 황산칼슘이 calcium borate의 생성을 방해하여 그 회수율과 순도가 낮아진다고 판단된다. 본 연구에서는 붕소함유(500 mg-B/L) 인공염수(간수)에 황산을 첨가하지 않고 수산화칼슘으로 포화시켜서 $80-105^{\circ}C$에서 10분 이내로 가열하여 calcium borate를 합성하였고, 그 회수율과 순도는 각각 최대 80 %, 96 %로 매우 높았다.



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