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Efficacy and Safety of Sorafenib for Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: a Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

  • Wang, Wei-Lan (Department of Pharmaceutical Care, Chinese PLA General Hospital) ;
  • Tang, Zhi-Hui (Department of Pharmaceutical Care, Chinese PLA General Hospital) ;
  • Xie, Ting-Ting (Department of Pharmaceutical Care, Chinese PLA General Hospital) ;
  • Xiao, Bing-Kun (Department of pharmacochemistry, Institute of Radiation Medicine) ;
  • Zhang, Xin-Yu (Department of Pharmacy, Bengbu Medical University) ;
  • Guo, Dai-Hong (Department of Pharmaceutical Care, Chinese PLA General Hospital) ;
  • Wang, Dong-Xiao (Department of Pharmaceutical Care, Chinese PLA General Hospital) ;
  • Pei, Fei (Department of Pharmaceutical Care, Chinese PLA General Hospital) ;
  • Si, Hai-Yan (Department of Oncology, Chinese PLA General Hospital) ;
  • Zhu, Man (Department of Pharmaceutical Care, Chinese PLA General Hospital)
  • Published : 2014.07.30

Abstract

Background: Many clinical trials have been conducted to evaluate sorafenib for the treatment of advanced NSCLC, but the results for efficacy have been inconsistent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of sorafenib in patients with advanced NSCLC in more detail by meta-analysis. Methods: This meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was performed after searching PubMed, EMBASE, ASCO Abstracts, ESMO Abstracts, and the proceedings of major conferences for relevant clinical trials. Two reviewers independently assessed the quality of the trials. Outcomes analysis were disease control rate (DCR), progression- free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) and major toxicity. Subgroup analysis was conducted according to sorafenib monotherapy, in combination with chemotherapy or EGFR-TKI to investigate the preferred therapy strategy. Results: Results reported from 6 RCTs involving 2, 748 patients were included in the analysis. Compared to sorafenib-free group, SBT was not associated with higher DCR (RR 1.31 (0.96- 1.79), p=0.09), PFS (HR 0.82 (0.66-1.02), p=0.07) and OS (HR 1.01 (0.92-1.12), p=0.77). In terms of subgroup results, sorafenib monotherapy was associated with significant superior DCR and longer PFS, but failed to show advantage with regard to OS. Grade 3 or greater sorafenib-related adverse events included fatigue, hypertension, diarrhea, oral mucositis, rash and HFSR. Conclusions: SBT was revealed to yield no improvement in DCR, PFS and OS. However, sorafenib as monotherapy showed some activity in NSCLC. Further evaluation may be considered in subsets of patients who may benefit from this treatment. Sorafenib combined inhibition therapy should be limited unless the choice of platinum-doublet regimen, administration sequence or identification of predictive biomarkers are considered to receive better anti-tumor activity and prevention of resistance mechanisms.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Beijing Natural Science Foundation

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