DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

The Effect of Expenditure on Private Education and Stress Caused by Private Education on Parental Efficacy of Mothers of Junior and Senior High School Students

중고등학생 자녀에 대한 사교육비 지출과 사교육 스트레스가 어머니의 부모효능감에 미치는 영향

  • Park, Juhee (Department of Social Welfare Studies, Sungshin Women's University)
  • 박주희 (성신여자대학교 사회복지학과)
  • Received : 2014.04.04
  • Accepted : 2014.05.17
  • Published : 2014.08.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of expenditure on private education and stress caused by private education on the parental efficacy of mothers of junior and senior high school students. The subjects were 300 mothers of students who were enrolled in the junior and senior high school in Seoul and its suburbs. The results were as follows: First, the level of stress from private education was found to be higher than the degree of parental efficacy. Second, a hierarchical regression analysis was performed by using expenditure on private education and stress caused by private education as independent variables and the socio-demographic characteristics of mothers as control variables in order to identify their effect on the parental efficacy of mothers of junior and senior high school students. The results show that stress from private education and monthly income were significantly related to parental efficacy. That is, the lower the level of stress from private education and the higher the monthly income, the higher was the degree of parental efficacy. These findings suggest that expenditure on private education seems to be determined by the household income level; thus, income may affect psychological stress and parental efficacy of mothers with respect to the process of providing private education.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Sungshin Womens University

References

  1. Abidin, R. R. (1990). Introduction to the special issues: The stresses of parenting. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 19(4), 298-301. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15374424jccp1904_1
  2. Abidin, R. R. (1990). Parenting Stress Index: Short Form. Charlottesville, VA: Pediatric Psychology Press.
  3. Ahn, H. J. (2005). The development and the effect of parent education: Program for parents self-efficacy. The Korean Journal of Youth Counselling, 13(2), 85-97.
  4. Ahn, S. H. (2009). A study on evaluation of private education easing policy(Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Korea University, Seoul, Korea.
  5. Ardelt, M., & Eccles, J. S. (2001). Effects of mothers parental efficacy beliefs and promotive parenting strategies on innercity youth. Journal of Family Issues, 22(8), 944-972. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/019251301022008001
  6. Becker, G. S., & Tomes, N. (1986). Human capital and the rise and fall of families. Journal of Labor Economics, 4(3 Pt 2), 1-47. https://doi.org/10.1086/298091
  7. Bek, Y. S. (2007). The effect stress and guilt of mothers in raising children have in their attitude of raising children(Unpublished masters thesis). Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul, Korea.
  8. Cho, K. J. (2011). The factors affecting the middle-aged households: Focused on public education expenditure status(Unpublished masters thesis). Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea.
  9. Chung, I. J., & Park, M. A. (2013). The effect of maternal depression on adolescent depression: Verification of compensatory effect of social relationships. Korean Journal of Family Welfare, 39 , 241-267.
  10. Chyung, Y. J. (2008). Attachment experience in childhood, personality characteristics, parenting stress, and parenting behavior among mothers with preschool children. Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association, 46(3), 73-85.
  11. Coleman, P. K., & Karraker, K. H. (1998). Self-efficacy and parenting quality: Findings and future applications. Development Review, 18(1), 47-85. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/drev.1997.0448
  12. Crnic, K. A., & Greenberg, M. T. (1990). Minor parenting stresses with young children. Child Development, 61(5), 1628-1637. https://doi.org/10.2307/1130770
  13. Dumka, L. E., Stoerzinger, H. D., Jackson, K. M., & Roosa, M. W. (1996). Examination of the cross-cultural and cross-language equivalence of parenting self-agency measure. Family Relations, 45(2), 216-222. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/585293
  14. Family Stress Society. (1994). Stress on Mothers. Seoul: Changjisa.
  15. Gibert, L. A., & Hanson, G. R. (1983). Perceptions of parental role responsibilities among working people: Development of a comprehensive measure. Journal of Marriage and Family, 45(1), 203-212. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/351309
  16. Han, E. G., & Kim, S. A. (2007). A study on fair parental role model of dual earner couples, their expectation for parental nursing capability and real nursing practices. Journal of Korean Home Management Association, 25(2), 37-46.
  17. Hong, Y. S. (2005). The effect of life stress on adolescent suicidal behaviors and buffering effect of problem solving ability. Journal of the Korean Society of Child Welfare, 20 , 7-33.
  18. Houseknecht, S. K., & Macke, A. S. (1981). Combining marriage and career: The marital adjustment of professional women. Journal of Marriage and Family, 43(3), 651-661. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/351766
  19. Jeon, S. M. (2007). A study on parenting stress and child-care support needs of mothers with infants(Unpublished masters thesis). University of Ulsan, Ulsan, Korea.
  20. Jeon, S. Y. (2009). Childrens academic stress and their sense of hopelessness: The effects of moderator on childrens emotional processing style as manifested in a depressed mood. Journal of Korean Home Management Association, 27(6), 55-64.
  21. Johnston, C., & Mash, E. J. (1989). A measure of parenting satisfaction and efficacy. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 18(2), 167-175. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15374424jccp1802_8
  22. Kang, L. J. (2007). Economic burden and its related determinants of private education among pre-school children. Korean Journal of Human Ecology, 16(2), 315-331. https://doi.org/10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.2.315
  23. Kim, H. M., & Doh, H. S. (2004). Maternal parenting stress, efficacy, and behavior: Relations to childrens social competence. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 25(6), 279-298.
  24. Kim, K. H., & Kang, H. K. (1997). Development of the parenting stress scale. Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association, 35(5), 141-150.
  25. Kim, M. H. (2002). A study on the middle-aged peoples functional preparation and stress for elderly life(Unpublished master's thesis). Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea.
  26. Kim, M. S., & Moon, H. J. (2005). Relationship between parenting stress and parenting efficacy on parenting behaviors in mother with young children. Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association, 43(8), 25-35.
  27. Kim, S. H., & Park, J. Y. (2012). The relationship between personality and child rearing stress of employed mothers. Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association, 50(8), 41-52. http://dx.doi.org/10.6115/khea.2012.50.8.041
  28. Kim, S. J. (2002). A study on the influence of stressors from school on problem behavior in middle-school and high school students: Focusing on the stress coping strategies(Unpublished master's thesis). Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
  29. Lee, S. G., Jeon, G. Y., & Kim, S. K. (2007). The effect of work-father role conflict and parenting stress on parenting sense of competence. Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association, 45(1), 35-49.
  30. Lee, S. L. (2005). The burden of private educational expenditure and consumption expenditure. Journal of Koran Home Management Association, 23(3), 63-76.
  31. Lee, S. L. (2006). Household strategy for private educational expenditure burden. Journal of Consumer Studies, 17(2), 115-132.
  32. Lee, S. S. (2002). Private education expenditure for children and economic well-being of household. Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association, 40(7), 211-227.
  33. Levy-Shiff, R., Dimitrovsky, L., Shulman, S., & Har-Even, D. (1998). Cognitive appraisals, coping strategies, and support resources as correlates of parenting and infant development. Developmental Psychology, 34(6), 1417-1427. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.34.6.1417
  34. Moon, H. J. (1999). The influence of working mothers socio-demographic characteristics and self-efficacy on the child-rearing practices. Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association, 37(6), 97-108.
  35. Moon, H. J. (2000). A study of parental social support and disciplinary practices. Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association, 38(4), 115-128.
  36. Oh, J. S., Lee, G. M., & Kang. J. G. (2009). The effect of recognition on private education of mothers with elementary school children on stress of child rearing. The Journal of Child Education, 18(1), 183-193.
  37. Oh, K. S., & Han, Y. M. (2006). State and perception of five-day school week system, parenting role-sharing and parenting stress. Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association, 44(11), 107-116.
  38. Park, B. J. (2006). A study on the nursing stress of working mothers of infants (Unpublished master's thesis). Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea.
  39. Park, H. S., & Kim, Y. Y. (2009). The effects of parenting sense of competence and parent-child communication on parent-child relational satisfaction and parental role satisfaction. Journal of Korean Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 18(3), 297-304.
  40. Park, J. Y., & Chang, Y. E. (2013). The factors related to parenting stress of married working women. Journal of Korean Home Management Association, 31(5), 159-172. http://dx.doi.org/10.7466/JKHMA.2013.31.5.159
  41. Park, M. H., & Yeo, J. S. (2000). Analysis of private educational expenditures of Korean households. Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association, 38(12), 186-206.
  42. Park, M. Y. (2008). Retirement planning and the burden of private education expenditure among the households school(Unpublished master's thesis). Sungshin Womens University, Seoul, Korea.
  43. Park, S. S. (2004). A study on the parenting stress of the dualearner mothers and fathers(Unpublished master's thesis). Cheongju University, Cheongju, Korea.
  44. Park, Y. J. (2004). Mothers parenting stress, coping style, and parenting behaviors(Unpublished master's thesis). Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul, Korea.
  45. Pilowsky, D. J., Wickramaratne, P., Talati, A., Tang, M., Hughes, C. W., Garber, J., et al. (2008). Children of depressed mothers 1 year after the initiation of maternal treatment: Findings from the STAR*D-Child Study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 165(9), 1136-1147. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2008.07081286
  46. Rhim, S. J., Kim, Y. H., & Park, J. Y. (2005). The study on the private education perception, stress on marriaged women. Chung-Ang Journal of Human Ecology, 21 , 51-64.
  47. Ross, C. E., & Mirowsky, J. (1988). Child care and emotional adjustment to wives employment. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 29(2), 127-138. https://doi.org/10.2307/2137053
  48. Seo, J. S. (2004). The research on the working mothers stress from raising children: Focused on the aspect of social welfare (Unpublished master's thesis). Sangji University, Wonju, Korea.
  49. Shin, S. J., & Chung, M. J. (1998). Effects of stress, social support and efficacy on mothers parenting behaviors. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 19(1), 27-42.
  50. Song, M. H., Song, Y. S., & Kim, Y. J. (2007). The effect of parenting stress and social support on parenting self-efficacy in early childhood mothers. The Journal of Korea Open Association for Early Childhood Education, 12(5), 165-183.
  51. Statistics Korea. (2012). The result of investigation on private education in 2011. Retrieved April 1, 2013, from http://www.kostat.go.kr
  52. Teti, D. M., & Gelfand, D. M. (1991). Behavioral competence among mothers of infants in the first year: The mediational role of maternal self-efficacy. Child Development, 62(5), 918-929. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1131143
  53. Yang, J. S., & Kim, S. M. (2003). Analysis of investment in human capital of Korean households. Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association, 41(5), 221-232.
  54. Yee, Y. H., & Oh, M. Y. (2006). A comparative study between fathers and mothers on parenting efficacy, knowledge of infant-care and sensitivity. Korean Journal of Human Ecology, 9(3), 47-62.

Cited by

  1. The Effect of Parental Role Stress, Family Cohesion, Family Adaptation on Parental Efficacy for Mothers with Adolescents vol.54, pp.4, 2016, https://doi.org/10.6115/fer.2016.034