Lateral stiffness of reinforced concrete flat plates with steps under seismic loads

  • Kim, Sanghee (Department of Architecture and Architectural Engineering, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kang, Thomas H.K. (Department of Architecture and Architectural Engineering, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kim, Jae-Yo (Department of Architectural Engineering, KwangWoon University) ;
  • Park, Hong-Gun (Department of Architecture and Architectural Engineering, Seoul National University)
  • Received : 2014.03.10
  • Accepted : 2014.05.23
  • Published : 2014.11.25


The purpose of this study is to propose a modification factor to reflect the lateral stiffness modification when a step is located in flat plates. Reinforced concrete slabs with steps have different structural characteristics that are demonstrated by a series of structural experiment and nonlinear analyses. The corner at the step is weak and flexible, and the associated rotational stiffness degradation at the corner of the step is identified through analyses of 6 types of models using a nonlinear finite element program. Then a systematic analysis of stiffness changes is performed using a linear finite element procedure along with rotational springs. The lateral stiffness of reinforced concrete flat plates with steps is mainly affected by the step length, location, thickness and height. Therefore, a single modification factor for each of these variables is obtained, while other variables are constrained. When multiple variables are considered, each single modification factor is multiplied by the other. Such a method is verified by a comparative analysis. Finally, a complex modification factor can be applied to the existing effective slab width.


Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF)


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