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Study on Thermal Performance of Energy Textile in Tunnel

터널 지열 활용을 위한 에너지 텍스타일의 열교환 성능 연구

  • 이철호 (한국건설기술연구원, SOC성능연구소, Geo-인프라연구실) ;
  • 박상우 (고려대학교 건축사회환경공학부) ;
  • 손병후 (한국건설기술연구원, 공공건축연구본부, 그린빌딩연구실) ;
  • 최항석 (고려대학교 건축사회환경공학부)
  • Received : 2012.12.26
  • Accepted : 2013.08.07
  • Published : 2013.09.30

Abstract

Textile-type heat exchangers installed on the tunnel walls for facilitating ground source heat pump systems, so called "energy textile", was installed in an abandoned railroad tunnel around Seocheon, South Korea. To evaluate thermal performance of the energy textile, a series of long-term monitoring was performed by artificially applying daily intermittent cooling and heating loads on the energy textile. In the course of the experimental measurement, the inlet and outlet fluid temperatures of the energy textile, pumping rate, temperature distribution in the ground, and air temperature inside the tunnel were continuously measured. From the long-term monitoring, the heat exchange rate was recorded as in the range of 57.6~143.5 W per one unit of the energy textile during heating operation and 362.3~558.4 W per one unit during cooling operation. In addition, the heat exchange rate of energy textile was highly sensitive to a change in air temperature inside the tunnel. The field measurements were verified by a 3D computational fluid dynamics analysis (FLUENT) with the consideration of air temperature variation inside the tunnel. The verified numerical model was used to evaluate parametrically the effect of drainage layer in the energy textile.

터널 내부의 지열을 활용하여 지열 냉난방 시스템 가동에 필요한 열에너지를 얻을 수 있는 텍스타일 형태의 지중열교환기(에너지 텍스타일)를 충남 서천군 일대의 철도 폐터널 벽면에 시험 시공하였다. 현장에 설치된 에너지 텍스타일의 성능을 평가하기 위해 냉방 운영과 난방 운영에 대한 일일 냉난방 모사 시험을 수행하였다. 일일 냉난방 모사 시험을 진행하는 동안 터널 벽면에 설치된 지중 열교환기로 유입/유출되는 순환수의 온도, 순환 유량, 터널 벽면 내부 지반의 온도, 터널 내부의 온도를 지속적으로 측정하였다. 시험을 통해 현장에 설치된 에너지 텍스타일은 난방가동에서 에너지 텍스타일 유닛당 57.6~143.5 W의 열교환률을 보였고 냉방가동에서는 362.3~558.4 W의 열교환률을 보였다. 또한, 시험결과로부터 터널에 설치된 지중열교환기의 열교환 성능은 터널 내부 기온의 변화에 큰 영향을 받는 것으로 나타났다. 또한, 전산유체 수치해석을 통하여 터널 내부 기온 변화를 고려한 현장 시험을 모사하여 적용된 수치해석 모델을 검증하였다. 검증된 수치해석 모델을 이용하여 콘크리트 라이닝 내부의 유도 배수재 설치 유무에 따른 에너지 텍스타일의 열적 거동에 대한 매개변수 연구를 수행하였다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Grant : 운용 중 공간확장이 가능한 지하 굴착 및 안정화 기술 개발

Supported by : 건설교통과학기술진흥원, 한국건설기술연구원

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