결혼이주여성의 사회적 관계와 관련요인 : 개인특성, 가족특성, 이주민특성을 중심으로

The Social Networks of Married Immigrant Women in Korea : With a focus on Individual, Family, and Migrant Characteristics

  • 투고 : 2013.05.06
  • 심사 : 2013.08.02
  • 발행 : 2013.08.30


This study aimed to explore the social networks which married immigrant women have in Korea. Special attention was paid to factors such as individual, family, and migrant characteristics contributing to the different patterns of social networks. I drew upon the nationally representative data on 60,719 immigrant women married to Korean men from the '2009 Survey on Korean National Survey on Multicultural Families.' Results showed that the foreign wives tended to maintain a connection with our society through contact with their neighbors and participation in social gatherings. Findings also showed that the types of social networks by the number of trusted neighbors and meetings were diverse among the immigrant women. In addition, the factors differentiating the types were mostly associated with socioeconomic resources or Korean proficiency. More interestingly, the immigrant women's contacts with their family members in their homeland contributed to their maintenance of more active social networks. These results provided a useful outlook on the relationship between patterns of social networks and the characteristics of the married immigrant women, which eventually showed a heterogeneous nature among them. At the societal level, supportive systems for enriching immigrant women's social networks should be developed particularly in terms of not their dependency, but their potential contributions to our society.


  1. Bae, K. & Kim, S.(2012). Moderating effect of social capital in regards to the influence that family imcome and job status have on the level of satisfaction with family relationships among married immigrant women. Korean Journal of Social Welfare, 64(3), 5-27.
  2. Boisjoly, J., Duncun, G. J. & Hofferth, S.(1995). Access to social capital. Journal of Family Issues, 16(5), 609-631.
  3. Cha, S.(2007). Marital status of elderly: does it really matter for health? Journal of the Korea Gerontological Society, 27(2), 371-392.
  4. Chung, K. & Han, J.(2009). International marriage migrants' adjustment and mental health. Korea Journal of Population Study, 32(2), 87-114.
  5. Coleman, J. S.(1988). Social capital in creation of human capital. American Journal of Sociology, 94(September), S95-S120.
  6. Cornwell, E. Y. & Cornwell, B.(2008). Access to expertise as a form of social capital: an examination of race-and class-based disparities in network ties to experts. Sociological Perspectives, 51(4), 853-876.
  7. Delechat, C.(2001). International migration dynamics: the role of experience amd social networks. Labour, 13(3), 457-486.
  8. Granovetter, M.(1973). The strength of weak ties. American Journal of Sociology, 78(6), I360-I380.
  9. Granovetter, M.(1983). The strength of weak ties: a network theory revisited. Sociological Theory, 1, 201-233.
  10. Guaranizo, L. E., Portes, A. & Haller, W.(2003). Assimilation and transnationalism: determinants of transnational political action among contemporary migrants. The American Journal of Sociology, 108(6), 1211-1248.
  11. Han, G.(2006). Being "Korean" wives: dilemmas and choices of Vietnamese and Filipino migrants. Korean Cultural Anthropology, 39(1), 159-176,
  12. Han, G., Kim, J. & Kim, K.(2003). Supportive and conflictual social networks and mental health of the middle-aged in Korea. Journal of the Korea Gerontological Society, 23(2), 155-170.
  13. Hwang, J.(2010). Social network and diverse action strategies of migrant women in Korea: network typology based on the qualitative interview analysis. Journal of Korean Women's Studies, 26(4), 1-38.
  14. Jun, H., Min, S., Lee, M. & Choi, H.(2009). Path of the variables to migrant women's families' health. Korean Journal of Family Welfare, 14(2), 5-27.
  15. Jung, K.(2004). Impact of social relations on youth school adjustment. Korean Journal of Social Welfare, 56(1), 235-252.
  16. Kang, Y.(1999). What are inside the Korean-Chinese international marriage?: an exploratory study. Journal of family Relations, 4(2), 61-80.
  17. Kim, D.(2008). A conceptual scheme of international marriage of Koreans and analyses of the marriage and divorce registration data. Korea Journal of Population Study, 29(1), 25-56.
  18. Kim, D.(2010). Intermarriage migration and transnationalism focused on Filipina wives in South Korea. The Southeast Asian Review, 20(2), 31-72.
  19. Kim, K. & Hoe, T.(2012). The establishment of sustainable multi-cultural society on the basis of social capital in the rural area of Korea. The Journal of Rural Society, 22(1), 89-131.
  20. Kim, M.(2012). The analysis on social network of the married immigrant women. Korean Journal of Human Ecology, 21(3), 469-488.
  21. Kim, S. & Lee, C.(2010). The effect of linguistic ability and social support on adjustment among women of multicultural families in Korea. Korean Journal of Family Welfare, 15(1), 5-20.
  22. Kwon, K. & Park, K.(2007). Factors affecting mental health of married immigrant women. Social Studies, 14(2), 187-219.
  23. Lee, C. & Kim, S.(2010). Factors affecting the use of social welfare services among immigrant women in Korea. Korean Journal of Family Social Work, 30, 299-322.
  24. Lee, H.(2005). Marriage migration to South Korea: issues, problems, and responses. Korea Journal of Population Study, 28(1), 73-106.
  25. Lee, S. & Jang, I.(2008). Social network and social services accessibility of migrant workers. Journal of Korean Society for Library and Information Science, 42(4), 243-268.
  26. Lee, Y.(2011). Analysis of female transnational marriage: migrants in the diaspora. Theory and Research in Citizenship Education, 43(2), 121-148.
  27. Lin, N.(1999). Inequality in social capital. Contemporay Sociology, 29(6), 785-795.
  28. Lin, N., Ensel, W. M. & Vaughn, J. C.(1981). Social resources and strength of ties: structural factors in occupational status attainment. American Sociological Review, 46(4), 393-406.
  29. Morrison, E. W.(2002). Newcomers' relationships: the role of social network ties during socialization. Academy of Management Journal, 45(6), 1149-1160.
  30. Park, K.(2000). Informal social ties of elderly Koreans. Korean Journal of Sociology, 34, 621-647.
  31. Park, M.(2007). Buffering effects of Strengths and Social Support between Stress and Depression of the Elderly Women. Korean Journal of Psychology, 12(2), 197-211.
  32. Park, M. & Um, M.(2009). A study on the social relations and life satisfaction of female marriage immigrants. Journal of Korea Association of Family Relations, 14(2), 1-26.
  33. Park, Y.& Kim, U.(2006). Factors influencing quality of life for individuals and Korean society: indigenous psychological analysis across different generations. Korean Journal of Psychological and Social Issues, 12(1), 161-195.
  34. Rho, Y., Lee, S., Park, H. & Rhee, C.(2012). Eco-centered network analysis of female immigrants married to Korean men. Korean Journal of Social Welfare, 64(2). 159-183.
  35. Ryan, L., Sales, R., Tilki, M. & Siara, B.(2008). Social networks, social support and social capital: the experiences of recent polish migrants in London. Sociology, 42(4), 672-690.
  36. Stanton-Salazar, R. D.(1995). Social capital and the reproduction of inequality: information networks among Mexican-origin high school students. Sociology of Education, 68(April), 116-135.
  37. Statistics Korea.
  38. Son, J. & Han, G.(2012). The effects of marital status on health among older adults: The mediating effects of economic resources and social networks. Korean Journal of Family Social Work, 36(3), 6-40.
  39. Williams, L.(2006). Social networks of refugees in the United Kingdom: tradition, tactics and new community spaces. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 32(5), 865-879.
  40. Won, S. & Song, I.(2011). The effect of personal, cultural, and social factors on the marital satisfaction of marriage migrant women in Korea. Korean Journal of Family Welfare, 16(2), 95-113.
  41. Yee, J. & Nam, E.(2008). The social capital of Koreans: determinants of personal ties and its effect. Korean Journal of Sociology, 42(7), 178-214.