Learning Effects of Divide-and-Combine Principles and State Models on Contradiction Problem Solving and Growth Mindset

분할-결합 원리와 상태모형에 대한 학습이 모순문제 해결과 성장 마인드세트에 미치는 영향

  • 현정석 (제주대학교 경영정보학과) ;
  • 박찬정 (제주대학교 컴퓨터교육과)
  • Received : 2013.07.23
  • Accepted : 2013.10.02
  • Published : 2013.12.01


This paper aims to show the learning process and the educational effects of Divide-and-Combine principles and State Models, which are included in the Butterfly Model for creative problem solving. In our State Models, there are Time State Model, Space State Model, and Whole-Parts State Model. We have taught middle school students (for 18 hours), high school students (for 24 hours), and undergraduate students (for 1 semester) about our proposed Models when they solved contradiction problems. Also, we have made the students learn our contradiction resolution algorithms by themselves based on team-based discussion. By learning and by using our Models, the students had the higher level of expertise in contradiction problems and had the growth mindset that made them have confidence in themselves and kept them challenging themselves about problems. Also, learning and solving with our Models improved the students' growth mindset as well as their problem-solving ability.


Supported by : 제주대학교