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Antioxidant Activities of Beverage Concentrates and Purees

음료 농축액 및 퓨레의 항산화 활성

  • Kim, Dan Bi (Dept. of Food Science and Biotechnology, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Shin, Gi Hae (Dept. of Food Science and Biotechnology, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Cho, Ju Hyun (Hurum Central Research Institute) ;
  • Baik, Soon Ok (Hurum Central Research Institute) ;
  • Lee, Ok-Hawn (Dept. of Food Science and Biotechnology, Kangwon National University)
  • Received : 2013.03.04
  • Accepted : 2013.04.03
  • Published : 2013.07.31

Abstract

This study investigated the physicochemical properties (pH, Brix), total phenol content, antioxidant activities (DPPH radical scavenging activity and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC)), and nitrite scavenging activity of beverage concentrates and purees. All concentrates and purees were produced from natural materials and have been used as the main ingredients in health-related beverages. Our results show that the pH values and Brix of all concentrates and purees ranged from 2.81 to 5.12 and 1.70 to 70.30 Brix, respectively. The highest total phenol content (182.71 mg GAE/mL), DPPH radical scavenging activity (69.88%) and nitrite scavenging activity (28.19%) were obtained from acai berry puree. The concentrate from wild blueberry had the highest ORAC value ($27,514{\mu}M$ TE/mL). Among the correlation coefficient data, the total phenol content exhibited a high correlation coefficient (r=0.9099) and DPPH radical scavenging activity. These results suggest that concentrates and purees from natural materials contribute to antioxidant activities in healthy beverages.

본 연구에서는 음료 농축액 및 퓨레로 사용되는 석류 농축액, 블루베리 농축액, 양파추출 농축액, 도라지추출 농축액, 흑마늘 농축액, 홍삼 농축액, 아사이베리 퓨레, 새싹유채 퓨레의 이화학적 특성, 총 페놀 함량, 항산화 효능(DPPH radical scavenging, ORAC) 및 아질산염 소거능을 분석하였다. pH는 석류 농축액이 2.81로 가장 낮았으며 양파추출 농축액이 5.12로 가장 높은 수치를 나타냈다. Brix는 홍삼 농축액이 70.30으로 가장 높았고 새싹유채 퓨레가 1.70으로 가장 낮았다. 총 페놀 함량은 아사이베리 퓨레에서 182.71 mg GAE/mL로 다른 시료에 비하여 높은 수치를 나타냈고 양파추출 농축액이 8.80 mg GAE/mL로 가장 낮았다. DPPH 라디칼 소거능 측정은 총 페놀 함량과 마찬가지로 아사이베리 퓨레에서 69.88%로 가장 높은 활성을 나타내었다. ORAC 지수는 블루베리 농축액에서 $27,514{\mu}M$ TE/mL로 가장 높게 나타났으며 아질산염 소거능도 아사이베리 퓨레에서 28.19%로 유의적으로 높은 활성을 보였다. 이상의 연구 결과로부터 천연물 유래 농축액 및 퓨레는 다양한 항산화 평가모델에서 항산화 활성을 나타내었으며 이들 농축액 및 퓨레를 이용한 항산화 활성을 갖는 건강음료의 원료로서 활용이 가능할 것으로 사료된다.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 지식경제부

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