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Physicochemical Characteristics and Antioxidant Activities of Bioresource Juices from Jeju

제주 생물자원 착즙액의 이화학적 특성 및 항산화 활성

  • Lee, Young Jun (Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Kim, Dan Bi (Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Cho, Ju-Hyun (Hurum Central Research Institute) ;
  • Baik, Soon-Ok (Hurum Central Research Institute) ;
  • Lee, Ok-Hwan (Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Kangwon National University)
  • Received : 2013.02.25
  • Accepted : 2013.03.23
  • Published : 2013.06.30

Abstract

We aimed to provide the basic data for the development of a beverage using the juices from bioresources from Jeju. Our results show that pH and $^{\circ}Bx$ of the bioresources ranged 2.0-6.5 and 3.3-16.8, respectively. Rubus coreanus Miquel juice had the highest total phenol content (47.3 mg gallic acid equivalent (GAE)/100 mL). Citrus sphaerocarpa juice showed higher rates of 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging (86.8%) than those of other juices. However, the oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) value ($2,409.5{\mu}M$ TE/mL) of Citrus sudachi Hort. ex Shirai juice was higher than those of other juices. A high correlation (R=0.7343) was observed between the pH and ORAC values for the 20 bioresources. Furthermore, a high correlation (R=0.8752) was found between the phenolic contents and DPPH radical scavenging for the 5 citrus fruits. These results suggest that the bioresources in Jeju could be used as natural antioxidants for the development of functional foods, including healthy beverages.

본 연구에서는 제주도 지역에 자생하는 생물자원 착즙액의 이화학적 특성과 항산화 및 아질산염 소거능을 측정하여 추후 제주 생물자원을 이용한 산업적 활용에 기초 자료를 제공하고자 실험을 진행하였다. 제주 생물자원 20종 착즙액은 2.0-6.5의 pH 범위 값을 나타내었으며, 3.3-16.8 $^{\circ}Bx$ 값을 나타내었다. 총 페놀 함량 측정 결과, 복분자 착즙액이 47.3 mg GAE/100 mL으로 가장 높은 함량을 나타내었으며, 포도와 블루베리가 각각 40.3 및 34.7 mg GAE/100 mL으로 측정되어 20종의 생물자원 중에서 베리류 착즙액(S6-S8)에서 높은 총 페놀 함량을 나타냈다. DPPH 및 ORAC assay를 이용하여 20종 착즙액의 항산화 활성을 측정한 결과, 한라봉 착즙액이 86.8%로 가장 높은 DPPH radical 소거능을 나타내었으며, 영귤 착즙액이 $2,409.5{\mu}M$ TE/mL으로 가장 높은 ORAC 수치를 보였다. 또한 레몬, 황금향, 감귤 착즙액에서도 높은 항산화 활성을 나타내어 감귤류 착즙액의 경우 높은 항산화 활성을 보였다. 한편, 아질산염 소거능은 참다래 착즙액이 가장 높은 활성(84.4%)을 나타내었다. 제주 생물자원 20종 착즙액의 이화학적 특성 및 항산화 및 아질산염 소거능 간의 상관관계를 분석결과 한 결과, DPPH radical 소거능과 pH간의 상관계수의 값이 0.7343으로 가장 높았다. 이때 5종의 감귤류 착즙액만을 선택하여 상관관계를 나타낸 경우 총 페놀 함량과 DPPH radical 소거능과의 상관관계가 0.8752로 가장 높은 값을 나타내었다.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 지식경제부

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