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Swine Leukocyte Antigen-DQA Gene Variation and Its Association with Piglet Diarrhea in Large White, Landrace and Duroc

  • Yang, Q.L. (College of Animal Science and Technology, Gansu Agricultural University) ;
  • Kong, J.J. (College of Animal Science and Technology, Gansu Agricultural University) ;
  • Wang, D.W. (College of Animal Science and Technology, Gansu Agricultural University) ;
  • Zhao, S.G. (College of Animal Science and Technology, Gansu Agricultural University) ;
  • Gun, S.B. (Gansu Research Center for Swine Production Engineering and Technology)
  • Received : 2013.01.29
  • Accepted : 2013.03.29
  • Published : 2013.08.01

Abstract

The swine leukocyte antigen class II molecules are possibly associated with the induction of protective immunity. The study described here was to investigate the relationship between polymorphisms in exon 2 of the swine DQA gene and piglet diarrhea. This study was carried out on 425 suckling piglets from three purebred pig strains (Large White, Landrace and Duroc). The genetic diversity of exon 2 in swine DQA was detected by PCR-SSCP and sequencing analysis, eight unique SSCP patterns (AB, BB, BC, CC, CD, BD, BE and DD) representing five specific allele (A to E) sequences were detected. Sequence analysis revealed 21 nucleotide variable sites and resulting in 12 amino acid substitutions in the populations. A moderate level polymorphism and significant deviations from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium of the genotypes distribution were observed in the populations (p<0.01). The association analysis indicated that there was a statistically significant difference in the score of piglet diarrhea between different genotypes, individuals with genotype CC showed a lower diarrhea score than genotypes AB ($0.98{\pm}0.09$), BB ($0.85{\pm}0.77$) and BC ($1.25{\pm}0.23$) (p<0.05), and significantly low than genotype BE ($1.19{\pm}0.19$) (p<0.01), CC genotype may be a most resistance genotype for piglet diarrhea.

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