Influences of Feeding Seleniferous Whole Crop Barley Silage on Growth Performance and Blood Characteristics in Growing Hanwoo Steers

셀레늄함유 청보리 사일리지급여가 육성기 거세한우의 생산성 및 혈액성상에 미치는 영향

  • Kim, Guk-Won (Department of Animal Resources Science, Daegu University) ;
  • Jo, Ik-Hwan (Department of Animal Resources Science, Daegu University) ;
  • HwangBo, Soon (Department of Animal Resources Science, Daegu University) ;
  • Lee, Sung-Hoon (Gyeongsangnamdo Livestock Promotion Research Institute) ;
  • Han, Ouk-Kyu (National Institute of Crop Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Park, Tae-Il (National Institute of Crop Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Choi, In-Bae (National Institute of Crop Science, Rural Development Administration)
  • Received : 2012.05.30
  • Accepted : 2012.06.12
  • Published : 2012.06.30


This study was conducted to investigate effects of feeding seleniferous whole crop barley silage (WCBS) on growth performance and blood characteristics in growing Hanwoo steers. A total of 20 growing Hanwoo steers, initially weighing on average 208.8 kg of body weight, were used and treatments were consisted of 1) controls : 0.1 mg/kg Se, 2) T1 : 0.3 mg/kg Se, 3) T2 : 0.9 mg/kg Se by combining seleniferous and/or non-seleniferous WCBS, and 4) T3 : 0.9 mg/kg Se of inorganic Se treatment. Five steers were allocated to each treatment, and the trial was lasted for 90 days. All experimental diets were included to 30% of combination of seleniferous and/or non-seleniferous WCBS, and in T3 diet, sodium selenite that corresponds to 0.9 mg/kg Se was added to control diets. Also, the diets were isonitrogenous and isocaloric among treatments. Dietary level and type of selenium did not affect feed intakes and daily gain, and blood glucose concentration was significantly (p<0.05) lower for controls than T1 and T2 treatments. Blood total lipid concentration was significantly (p<0.05) decreased with increasing levels of dietary selenium, and also that of T2 and T3 was significantly (p<0.05) lower than controls. LDL-cholesterol concentration was significantly (p<0.05) lower for treatments including dietary selenium than controls, and also blood triglyceride concentration was significantly (p<0.05) lower for T2 than controls. Overall, it was tended that feeding seleniferous WCBS or inorganic Se increased blood IgG concentration, and in the same dietary selenium levels, T2 treatment was higher for IgG than T3 group (p>0.05). Blood selenium concentration was significantly (p<0.05) increased by feeding increasing levels of seleniferous WCBS, but there was no significant difference between controls and T3 group. These results showed that feeding seleniferous WCBS to growing Hanwoo steers was responsible for saccharide and lipid metabolism, and in particular, it reduced their total lipid and blood LDL-cholesterol concentrations. Furthermore, selenium present in seleniferous WCBS rather than inorganic selenium was better available in intestinal absorption, and it might help to enhance immunity in growing and younger stages of Hanwoo steers.

본 연구는 다양한 수준의 셀레늄함유 청보리 사일리지를 육성기 거세한우에 급여 시 성장특성 및 혈액성상에 미치는 영향을 조사하였다. 시험은 육성기 거세한우 20두 (개시체중 $208.8{\pm}17.9$ kg)를 공시하였고, 처리구는 셀레늄수준과 형태에 따라 4처리구 (셀레늄시비 및 비시비 청보리 사일리지이용 0.1 mg/kg 셀레늄 (대조구), 0.3 mg/kg 셀레늄 (T1), 0.9 mg/kg 셀레늄(T2) 및 무기셀레늄 0.9 mg/kg 셀레늄 (T3)로 나누어 처리구당 5두씩 배치하여, 90일간 사양시험을 실시하였다. 각 시험사료는 셀레늄함유 및 일반 청보리를 조합하여 배합비의 30%를 대체하였고, 무기셀레늄구 (T3)는 대조구사료에 0.9 mg/kg의 셀레늄수준에 상응하는 양의 sodium selenite를 첨가하였다. 사료내 조단백질 및 에너지함량은 처리구간 동일하였다. 사료 내 셀레늄의 수준 및 급여형태에 따라 사료섭취량과 증체에는 영향을 미치지 않았고, 혈중 포도당 농도는 대조구가 T1과 T2구 보다 유의하게 낮았다 (p<0.05). 혈중 총지질농도는 셀레늄수준이 증가할수록 유의하게 낮아져, T2구와 T3구가 대조구 보다 유의하게 낮았다 (p<0.05). LDL-콜레스테롤은 셀레늄급여구가 대조구보다 유의하게 낮았다 (p<0.05). 혈중 중성지방 또한 T2구가 대조구보다 유의하게 낮았다 (p<0.05). 혈중 면역글로불린농도는 셀레늄의 급여로 전반적으로 상승하는 경향을 보였고, 사료 내 같은 셀레늄수준에서 T3구보다는 T2구가 높은 양상을 나타내었다. 혈중 셀레늄농도는 셀레늄함유 청보리 급여수준이 높아짐에 따라 유의하게 증가였으나 (p<0.05), T3구는 대조구와 유의한 차이가 나타나지 않았다. 이상의 결과에서 육성한우에 대한 셀레늄함유 청보리급여는 육성우의 당 및 지질대사에 관여하는 것으로 나타났고, 특히 혈중 총지질 및 LDL-콜레스테롤의 농도를 감소시켰다. 또한 무기셀레늄보다는 청보리 내 존재하는 셀레늄이 장관내에서 더 잘 흡수되는 것으로 나타났고, 이는 육성기 및 어린 성장단계에 있는 거세한우의 면역력을 향상시키는데 도움이 될 수 있을 것으로 판단된다.


Supported by : 농촌진흥청


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