- Volume 32 Issue 2
DOI QR Code
Influences of Feeding Seleniferous Whole Crop Barley Silage on Growth Performance and Blood Characteristics in Growing Hanwoo Steers
셀레늄함유 청보리 사일리지급여가 육성기 거세한우의 생산성 및 혈액성상에 미치는 영향
- Kim, Guk-Won (Department of Animal Resources Science, Daegu University) ;
- Jo, Ik-Hwan (Department of Animal Resources Science, Daegu University) ;
- HwangBo, Soon (Department of Animal Resources Science, Daegu University) ;
- Lee, Sung-Hoon (Gyeongsangnamdo Livestock Promotion Research Institute) ;
- Han, Ouk-Kyu (National Institute of Crop Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
- Park, Tae-Il (National Institute of Crop Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
- Choi, In-Bae (National Institute of Crop Science, Rural Development Administration)
- 김국원 (대구대학교 동물자원학과) ;
- 조익환 (대구대학교 동물자원학과) ;
- 황보순 (대구대학교 동물자원학과) ;
- 이성훈 (경상남도 축산진흥연구소) ;
- 한옥규 (국립식량과학원) ;
- 박태일 (국립식량과학원) ;
- 최인배 (국립식량과학원)
- Received : 2012.05.30
- Accepted : 2012.06.12
- Published : 2012.06.30
This study was conducted to investigate effects of feeding seleniferous whole crop barley silage (WCBS) on growth performance and blood characteristics in growing Hanwoo steers. A total of 20 growing Hanwoo steers, initially weighing on average 208.8 kg of body weight, were used and treatments were consisted of 1) controls : 0.1 mg/kg Se, 2) T1 : 0.3 mg/kg Se, 3) T2 : 0.9 mg/kg Se by combining seleniferous and/or non-seleniferous WCBS, and 4) T3 : 0.9 mg/kg Se of inorganic Se treatment. Five steers were allocated to each treatment, and the trial was lasted for 90 days. All experimental diets were included to 30% of combination of seleniferous and/or non-seleniferous WCBS, and in T3 diet, sodium selenite that corresponds to 0.9 mg/kg Se was added to control diets. Also, the diets were isonitrogenous and isocaloric among treatments. Dietary level and type of selenium did not affect feed intakes and daily gain, and blood glucose concentration was significantly (p<0.05) lower for controls than T1 and T2 treatments. Blood total lipid concentration was significantly (p<0.05) decreased with increasing levels of dietary selenium, and also that of T2 and T3 was significantly (p<0.05) lower than controls. LDL-cholesterol concentration was significantly (p<0.05) lower for treatments including dietary selenium than controls, and also blood triglyceride concentration was significantly (p<0.05) lower for T2 than controls. Overall, it was tended that feeding seleniferous WCBS or inorganic Se increased blood IgG concentration, and in the same dietary selenium levels, T2 treatment was higher for IgG than T3 group (p>0.05). Blood selenium concentration was significantly (p<0.05) increased by feeding increasing levels of seleniferous WCBS, but there was no significant difference between controls and T3 group. These results showed that feeding seleniferous WCBS to growing Hanwoo steers was responsible for saccharide and lipid metabolism, and in particular, it reduced their total lipid and blood LDL-cholesterol concentrations. Furthermore, selenium present in seleniferous WCBS rather than inorganic selenium was better available in intestinal absorption, and it might help to enhance immunity in growing and younger stages of Hanwoo steers.
본 연구는 다양한 수준의 셀레늄함유 청보리 사일리지를 육성기 거세한우에 급여 시 성장특성 및 혈액성상에 미치는 영향을 조사하였다. 시험은 육성기 거세한우 20두 (개시체중
Supported by : 농촌진흥청
- A.O.A.C. 1990. Offical methods analysis. Association of offical analytical chemists. 15th edition. Washington, D.C.
- Arthur. J.R., F. Nicol and G.J. Beckett. 1993. Selenium deficiency, thyroid hormone metabolism, and thyroid hormone deiodinases. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 57:236-239. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/57.2.236S
- Arthur, J.R., R.C. McKenzie and G.J. Beckett. 2003. Selenium in the Immune system. J. Nutr., 133, 1457-1459.
- Awadeh, F.T., R.L. Kincaid and K.A. Johnson. 1998. Effect of level and source of dietary selenium on concentrations of thyroid hormones and immunoglobulins in beef cows and calves. J. Anim. Sci. 76:1204-1215. https://doi.org/10.2527/1998.7641204x
- Cai, X.J., E. Block, P.C. Uden, X. Zhang, B.D. Quimby and J.J. Sullivan. 1995. Allium chemistry: Identification of seleno-amino acids in ordinary and selenium-enriched garlic, onion and broccoli using gas chromatography with atomic emission detection. J. Agr. Food Chem. 43:1754-1757. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00055a002
- Clark, L.C., G.F. Jr, Combs, B.W. Turnbull, E.H. Slate, D.K. Chalker, J. Chow, L.S. Davis, R.A. Glover, G.F. Graham, E.G. Gross, A. Krongrad, J.L. Jr, A., Lesher, H.K. Park, B.B. Jr, Sanders, C.L. Smith and J.R. Taylor. 1996. Effects of selenium supplementation for cancer prevention in patients with carcinoma of the skin. JAMA. 276:1957-1963. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1996.03540240035027
- Dominguez-Vara, I.A., S.S. Gonzalez-Munoz, J.M. Pinos-Rodriguez, J.L. Borquez-Gastelum, R. Barcena-Gama, G. Mendoza-Martinez, L.E. Zapata, L.L. Landois-Palencia. 2009. Effects of feeding selenium-yeast and chromium-yeast to finishing lambs on growth, carcass characteristics, and blood hormones and metabolites. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 152:42-49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2009.03.008
- Edmonson, A.J., B.B. Morman and D. Suther. 1993. Survey of state veterinarians and state veterinary diagnostic laboratories for selenium deficiency and toxicosis in animals. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 202:865-874.
- Gunter, S.A., P.A. Beck and J.M. Philips. 2003. Effects of supplementary selenium source on the performance and blood measurements in beef cows and their calves. J. Anim. Sci. 81:856-864. https://doi.org/10.2527/2003.814856x
- Hidiroglou, M.D., P. Heanley and K.J. Jenkins. 1968. Metabolism of inorganic selenium in rumen bacteria. Can. J. Physiol. Pharm. 46: 229-232. https://doi.org/10.1139/y68-038
- Jia, X., N. Li and J. Chen. 2005. A subchronic toxicity study of elemental Nano-Se in Sprague- Dawley rats. Life Sci. 76:1989-2003. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2004.09.026
- Jun, Y.S. and M.K. Choi. 2002. Effect of copper and selenium supplementation on lipid contents in rats. J. East Asian Soc. Dietary Life. 12:100-106.
- Larsen, H.J. 1988. Influence of selenium on antibody production in sheep. Res. Vet. Sci. 54:4-12.
- Lawler, T.L., J.B. Taylor, J.W. Finley and J.s. Caton. 2004. Effect of supranutritional and organically bound selenium on performance, carcass characteristics, and selenium distribution in finishing beef streers. J. Anim. Sci. 82:1488-1493. https://doi.org/10.2527/2004.8251488x
- Lee, S.H., B.Y. Park, S.S. Lee, N.J. Choi, J.H. Lee, J.M. Yeo, J.K. Ha, W.J. Maeng and W.Y. Kim. 2006. Effects of spent composts of seleniumenriched mushroom and sodium selenite on plasma glutathione peroxidase activity and selenium deposition in finishing Hanwoo steers. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 19(7):984-991. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2006.984
- Lee, S.H., I.H. Jo, K.W. Kim, S. Hwangbo, O.K. Han, T.H. Song, T.I. Park and I.B. Choi. 2012. Influences of seleniferous whole crop barley supplement on growth performance and blood characteristics in growing pigs. J. Kor. Grassl. Forage Sci. 32(1):39-48. https://doi.org/10.5333/KGFS.2012.32.1.39
- Liu, J.-G., H.-J. Zhao, Y.-J. Liu, and X.-L. Wang. 2006. Effect of selenium-enriched malt on hepatocarcinogenesis, paraneoplastic syndrome and the hormones regulating blood glucose in rats treated by diethylnitrosamine. Life Sciences 78: 2315-2321. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2005.09.033
- Mahan D.C, T.R. Cline and B. Richert. 1999. Effects of dietary levels of selenium-enriched yeast and sodium selenite as selenium sources fed to growing-finishing pigs on performance, tissue selenium, serum glutathione peroxidase activity, carcass characteristics and loin quality. J Anim. Sci. 77:2172-2179. https://doi.org/10.2527/1999.7782172x
- Miller, S., S.W. Walker, J.R. Arthur, F. Nicol, K. Pickard, M.H. Lewin, A.F. Howie and G.J. Beckett. 2001. Selenite protects human endothelial cells from oxidative damage and induces thioredoxin reductase. Clin. Sci. 100:543-550. https://doi.org/10.1042/CS20000299
- Oldfield, J.E. 1992. Risks and benefits in agricultural uses of selenium. Environ. Geochem. Hlth. 14:81-86. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01784018
- Ortman, K. and B. Pehrson. 1999. Effect of selenate as a feed supplement to dairy cows in comparison to selenite and selenium yeast. J. Anim. Sci. 77:3365-3370. https://doi.org/10.2527/1999.77123365x
- Pehrson, B., M. Knutsson and M. Gyllensward. 1989. Glutahione peroxidase activity in heifers fed diets supplemented with organic and inorganic selenium compounds. Swed. J. Agric. Res. 19:53-56.
- Rayman, M.P. 2000. The importance of selenium to human health. The Lancet 356:233-241. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(00)02490-9
- Rock, M.J., R.L. Kincaid and G.E. Carstens. 2001. Effects of prenatal source and level of dietary selenium on passive immunity and thermometabolism of newborn lambs. Small Ruminant Res. 40:129-138. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-4488(01)00167-5
- Salonen, J.T., R. Salonen, K. Seppanen, M. Kantola, S. Suntionen and H. Korpela. 1991. Interaction of serum copper, selenium and low density lipoprotein cholesterol in atherogenesis, Br. Med. J. 302:756-760. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.302.6779.756
- SAS. 2009. User's Guide Statistics. Statistical Analysis System Institute Inc. Cary. NC.
- Thompson, J.N. and M.L. Scott. 1969. Role of selenium in the chick J. Nutr. 97:335-342. https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/97.3.335
- Underwood, E.J. 1977. Trace element in human and animal nutrition. 4th ed. Academic Press, London., United Kingdom.
- Wendel, A. 1989. Selenium in Biology and Medicine. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. pp3-325.
- Wright, P.L. and Bell, M.C. 1966. Comparative metabolism of selenium and tellurium in sheep and swine. Am. J. Physiol. 211:6-10.
- Effect of Seleniferous Whole Crop Barley Silage on Growth Performance, Blood and Carcass Characteristics, and Tissue Selenium Deposition in Finishing Hanwoo Steers vol.33, pp.4, 2013, https://doi.org/10.5333/KGFS.2013.33.4.281