Creation of Intellectual Capital in Hospital Organizations and Factors Influencing Creation of Intellectual Capital

임상간호사가 지각한 병원조직의 새로운 지적자본 창출 능력 영향요인

  • Jang, Keum-Seong (College of Nursing, Chonnam National University.Chonnam Research Institute of Nursing Science) ;
  • Kim, Eun-A (Department of Nursing, Nambu University) ;
  • Kim, Min-Soo (Department of Statistics, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Sim, Jae-Yeun (Department of Nursing, Chonnam National University Hospital) ;
  • Park, Hyun-Young (Operation Room, Chonnam National University Hospital)
  • 장금성 (전남대학교 간호대학, 전남대학교 간호과학 연구소) ;
  • 김은아 (남부대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 김민수 (전남대학교 자연과학대학) ;
  • 심재연 (전남대학교병원 간호부 외래간호과, 전남대학교 간호대학) ;
  • 박현영 (전남대학교병원 간호부 수술실, 전남대학교 간호대학)
  • Received : 2012.02.13
  • Accepted : 2012.02.27
  • Published : 2012.03.31

Abstract

Purpose: This study was designed to identify creation of intellectual capital and factors influencing the creation of intellectual capital in hospital organizations. Methods: A cross-sectional design was used, with a convenience sample of 300 nurses from three general hospitals in Gwangju and South Cholla province. The tools used for this study were scales measuring creation of intellectual capital (8 items), social capital (20 items), knowledge management (8 items). Data was analyzed with descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficient and regression using the SPSS WIN 18.0 program. Results: There were significantly positive relationships between social capital and knowledge management with creation of intellectual capital. The mean score for creation of intellectual capital in hospital organizations was 4.59 points. Factors influencing creation of intellectual capital in hospital organization were identified as knowledge management (${\beta}$=.625), shared values & action (${\beta}$=.166), and participation in civic activities (${\beta}$=.118). These factors explained 59.3% of the variance in creation of intellectual capital in hospital organizations. Conclusion: The results indicate which factors are major factors influencing creation of intellectual capital and therefore, serve as predictors of creation of intellectual capital in hospital organizations.

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