- Volume 12 Issue 1
DOI QR Code
Relationships between Stress, Ways of Coping and Burnout of Family Caregivers of Cancer Patients
암환자를 돌보는 가족원의 스트레스, 대처방식과 소진의 관계
- Hong, Min-Joo (College of Nursing, Kosin University) ;
- Tae, Young-Sook (College of Nursing, Kosin University) ;
- Noh, Mi-Young (Gospel Hospital, Kosin University)
- Received : 2012.01.05
- Accepted : 2012.02.06
- Published : 2012.02.29
Purpose: The study was to examine the relationships between stress, ways of coping and burnout among family caregivers of cancer patients. Methods: Data were collected by self-reported questionnaires from 207 family caregivers of cancer patients at one university hospital and one general hospital in Busan, Korea. The instruments included a Stress Scale, a Ways of Coping Scale and a Burnout Scale. The collected data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe's test, and Pearson's correlation coefficients with the SPSS WIN 19.0 program. Results: Stress was found to have significant relationships with age, relation to the patient, education, monthly income, degree of care-giving, financial burden and activities of daily living of patient. In active coping, there were significant differences according to education and religion. Passive coping was significantly related to gender. In burnout, there were significant differences according to age, relation to the patient, education, occupational status, monthly income, degree of care-giving, financial burden and activities of daily living of patient. Stress and burnout showed a positive correlation, while there was a negative correlation between burnout and active coping. Conclusion: These results suggest that promoting active coping would better support family caregivers of cancer patients in managing burnout effectively.
- National Cancer Information Center. Cancer information service. Available at: http://www.cancer.go.kr/cms/statics/incidence/index.html [accessed on 10 January 2012].
- Lee HM. Study on the stress, nursing needs, and quality of life of the family caregiver who has family member with cancer under chemotherapy in outpatient clinics [dissertation]. Seoul:Hanyang Univ.;2011.
- Kim HJ. The study of stress coping methods through the family functions [dissertation]. Seoul:Ewha Women's Univ.;2002.
- Ham DO. A study family function and nursing needs in cancer patient families [dissertation]. Seoul:Chungang Univ.;2004.
- Kim HS. Correlation between stress, coping patterns and physical symptom of cancer patient's caregiver. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing 2001;13:317-26.
- Kim MY. Health state and stress level of the family caregiver living with patient under chemotherapy [dissertation]. Chonnam:Chonnam Univ.;2002.
- Ahn EJ. Burnout and burden of family caregivers for caring of terminal patients with cancer. Journal of Korean Oncology Nursing Society 2004;5:40-51.
- Lazarus RS, Folkman S. Stress appraisal and coping. New York: Springer Publishers;1984.
- Hong MJ, Lee MH. The relationship among perceived stress, the ways of coping, and life satisfaction in the elderly. Korean Academic Society of Rehabilitation Nursing 2003;6:26-39.
- Do HK. Stress and coping with cancer patients [dissertation]. Seoul: Kyung Hee Univ.;2008.
- Honea NJ, Brintnall R, Given B, Colea DB, Northouse LL. Putting evidence into practice: nursing assessment and intervention to reduce family caregiver strain and burdern. Oncol Nurs Forum 2008;12:507-16.
- McCubbin HI, Thompson AI. Family assessment inventories for research and practice. 2nd ed. Madison, Wis.:University of Wisconsin Publishers;1991.
- Yang KH, Song MR, Kim EK. The stress and adaptation in family caregiver of chemotherapy patients. The Seoul Journal of Nursing 1998;12:118-32.
- Kim JH. Relations of perceived stress, cognitive set and coping behaviors to depression [dissertation]. Seoul:Seoul Univ.;1987.
- Park JY. Study on the relationship among character type A & B ego-identity and stress coping [dissertation]. Seoul:Sookmyung Women's Univ.;1995.
- Pines A, Maslach P. Characteristics of staff burnout in mental health settings. Hosp Community Psychiatry 1978;29:233-7.
- Peek EH. Relationships between burnout-degree and satisfaction-degree of nursing activites [dissertation]. Seoul:Yonsei Univ.;1983.
- Heo MS. The relationship between stress and quality of life in mothers of children with cancer [dissertation]. Busan:Kosin Univ.;2009.
- Choi SN. The research about health condition, level of fatigue and quality of life of the stroke patient's families [dissertation]. Seoul:Kyunghee Univ.;2008.
- Lee JH. Stress and burden of family caregiver in caregiving of terminal patients [dissertation]. Chonnam:Chonnam Univ.;2001.
- Park HS. Relations of perceived stress, coping style and stress response of family caregivers of cancer ptients [dissertation]. Seoul:Korea Univ.;2000.
- Kim MY. Burnout and coping type of nurses working in cancer ward [dissertation]. Seoul:Ewha Women's Univ.;2004.