Investigation on Granger Causality between Economic Growth and Demand for Electricity in Korea: Using Quarterly Data

한국의 경제성장과 전력수요간의 인과성에 관한 연구: 분기별 자료를 이용하여

  • 백문영 (연세대학교 상경대학 경제학과) ;
  • 김우환 (모나쉬대학교 경영학과)
  • Received : 2011.10.24
  • Accepted : 2011.12.07
  • Published : 2012.02.29


This study investigates the Granger-causality between economic growth and demand for electricity in Korea, using two quarterly time-series data (real GDP and electricity consumption) for 1970:Q1 through 2009:Q4. We apply Hsiao's sequential procedure to identify a vector autoregressive model to a decision of the optimal lags in the vector error-correction model because the two time-series data contain unit roots respectively and they are cointegrated. According to the empirical results in this study, we find that Hsiao's approach to the Granger-causality indicates a bidirectional causal relation between economic growth and demand for electricity in Korea. Following the Granger and Engle's approach, we also find the statistical evidence on (1) short-run bidirectional causality between real GDP and electricity consumption, (2) bidirectional strong causality between them, and (3) long-run unidirectional causality running from demand for electricity to economic growth. Our results show an inconsistency with the existing studies on Korea's case; however, the results appear to provide more meaningful policy implications for the Korean economy and its strategy of sustainable growth.

본 연구는 한국의 경제성장과 전력수요 사이의 Granger-인과성을 조사한 것이다. 실증분석을 위해 1970년 1분기부터 2009년 4분기까지의 분기별 실질 GDP와 전력소비 시계열 자료를 활용하였다. 두 시계열에 단위근이 존재하고 공적분 관계가 있음을 확인한 후 오차수정모형을 구성하였으며, Hsiao (1979)의 순차적 모형식별 과정을 적용해서 자기회귀항의 최적시차를 결정하여 모형을 추정하였다. Hsiao 방식의 Granger-인과성 분석결과, 한국의 경제성장과 전력수요는 양방향의 인과관계를 보였다. 추정된 개별 오차수정모형을 기반으로 Engle-Granger 방식의 추가적인 인과성 분석 결과로부터는 (1) 경제성장과 전력수요 사이의 단기적인 양방향성 인과관계, (2) 양방향성 강 인과관계, 그리고 (3) 장기적으로는 전력수요로부터 경제성장으로의 단방향성 인과관계를 확인할 수 있었다. 이러한 결과는 기존의 선행연구의 결과와는 상반되는 것이나, 지속적인 경제성장을 추구하는 한국의 상황에서 더 의미 있는 정책적 시사점을 줄 수 있다.


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