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The Mediated Effect of Innovativeness and Customer Orientation among Entrepreneurial Market Orientation, Organizational Effectiveness and Business Performance

기업가적 시장지향성과 조직유효성·경영성과 간에 혁신성·고객지향성의 매개효과

  • Yoo, Bong-Ho (Dept. of Business Management, Dankook University, Hideal Marketing Co. Ltd.)
  • 유봉호 (단국대학교 상경대학 경영학부, (주)하이디얼마케팅)
  • Received : 2011.08.16
  • Accepted : 2011.09.08
  • Published : 2011.09.30

Abstract

In this study, the mediated effect of innovativeness and customer orientation among entrepreneurial market orientation, organizational effectiveness and business performance. For this, a statistical analysis for 419 copies of questionnaires collected from small and medium sized companies. As a result of analysis, first, entrepreneurial orientation was verified to be antecedents of market orientation. Second, it was identified that market orientation played a mediating role among entrepreneurial orientation, innovativeness and customer orientation. Third, entrepreneurial market orientation had positive effect on innovativeness and customer orientation. Fourth, innovativeness and customer orientation had positive effect on organizational effectiveness and business performance. Fifth, innovativeness and customer orientation, the core of this study; had the mediated effect among entrepreneurial market orientation, organizational effectiveness and business performance.

본 연구는 기업가지향성, 시장지향성, 혁신성, 고객지향성 간의 인과관계와 경영성과에 미치는 영향을 살펴보고자, 기업가 시장지향성과 조직유효성 경영성과 간에 나타나는 혁신성과 고객지향성의 매개효과를 실증 분석하였다. 중소기업 임직원들로부터 받은 설문지 419부를 분석한 결과, 첫째, 기업가지향성이 시장지향성의 선행변수임이 검정되었다. 둘째, 시장지향성이 기업가지향성과 혁신성 고객지향성 간에 매개역할을 하는 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 기업가적 시장지향성이 혁신성과 고객지향성에 긍정적인 영향을 나타냈다. 넷째, 혁신성과 고객지향성이 조직유효성과 경영성과에 긍정적인 영향을 나타냈다. 다섯째, 본 연구의 핵심이라 할 수 있는 혁신성과 고객지향성이 기업가적 시장지향성과 조직유효성 경영성과 간에 매개효과를 보였다. 이와 같은 본 연구결과는 중소기업 경영에 있어서, 기업가지향성, 시장지향성, 혁신성, 고객지향성과 같은 조직특성의 중요성을 제기함으로써, 이러한 기업문화를 조성하고 이를 고조시킬 수 있는 경영진의 리더십이 중요함을 인식시킬 수 있는 시사점을 제공할 것이다.

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