The Study on the Influence of Selection Characteristics of Franchise System, business possibility, Communication, Moral Hazard on Franchisee's Perceived Risk, and Recontracting Intention in the Food Service Franchise Industry

외식 프랜차이저의 사업성, 커뮤니케이션, 모럴해저드가 프랜차이지의 위험지각과 재계약의도에 미치는 영향

  • Yu, Jong-Pil (Dept. of Bussiness Administration, Sejong University) ;
  • Lee, In-Ho (Institute of Start Up Business,
  • 우종필 (세종대 경영학과) ;
  • 이인호 (세종대 경영학, 창업연구소 창업e닷컴)
  • Received : 2010.05.25
  • Accepted : 2010.12.07
  • Published : 2011.01.30


I. Introduction: This study is to examine the structural relationships among exogenous variable (preliminary and post-support, franchisee's perceived business possibility, communication, moral hazard), the mediated variables(satisfaction, perceived risk, trust) and dependent variable(recontracting intention) in the food service franchise industry context. More specifically, this study has considered some realistic characteristics factors influencing satisfaction, perceived risk and trust between franchisors and franchisees and their further recontracting intention from the perspective of a practical approach. In this study, 437 data has been collected and used for the SPSS and AMOS analysis. The data were analyzed with structural equation modeling. Since the result of the overall model analysis demonstrated a good fit, we could further analyze our data. II. Research Model: This study is to examine the structural relationships among preliminary and post-support by franchisor, franchisee's perceived business possibility, and communication, moral hazard, has on effect on franchisee's satisfaction, perceived risk, trust and recontracting intention in the food service franchise industry context. Hypotheses are as following (Stern & EL-Ansary 1988; Oliver, 1997;Kee & Knox, 1970; Moorman, Deshpande & Zaltman, 1993; Perron, 1998; Zaheer, McEvily, Perrone, 1998). III. Result and Implication: We examined franchisee who have food service stores for samples of this study. The data were analyzed with structural equation modeling using path analysis. The result of the overall model analysis appeared as following: ${\chi}^2$ = 61.578 (d.f.=9, p<0.01), CFI =.990, GFI =.973, AGFI =.863, RMR =.019, RMSEA= .116, NFI = .988, TLI = .959. The findings can be summarized as follows: First, preliminary and post support of franchisor, perceived business possibility and communication positively influence to franchisee's satisfaction. Second, moral hazard of franchisor has negatively influence to franchisee's satisfaction and positively influence to perceived risk. Third, franchisee's satisfaction and trust has positively influence to recontracting intention. Fourth, franchisee's perceived risk has negatively influence to trust and recontracting intention. We can concluded that franchisor's preliminary and post support of franchisor, perceived business possibility and communication may be considered as the important factors influence to franchisee's satisfaction. Moral hazard has become a focused issue in franchise industry. Finally, the managerial implication has been stated as followings: First, in the process of building a systematic industry support franchise system and developing a creative business model, franchisee's stable profitability should be considered as the first important factor. The franchisee's trust to franchise may become a dominant factor that influence the business expansion of franchisor. Second, franchisor should communication with their franchisees and deal with the realistic difficulties faced by them with an effort. Third, the franchisor should achieve a synergy effect by utilizing the win-win strategy. The moral hazard strategy that achieving the profit through franchisee's damage will not be inadvisable to franchisor. Then the long-term oriented development and profitability can be maintained. To do so, the franchise industry may break away from the traditional business structure to improve management transparency and competitiveness on investment and organizational changing management. The conflict between franchisor and franchisee also can be reduced and big success can be achieved in the franchise industry.

본 연구는 프랜차이즈 본사의 선택속성으로서 사전지원, 사후지원, 지각된 사업성과, 가맹본부와 가맹점의 커뮤니케이션, 가맹본부의 모럴해저드 등 외생변수가 매개변수인 가맹점의 만족과 위험지각에 미치는 영향을 분석하고, 이들 매개 변수가 다시 신뢰와 결과변수인 재계약의도에 미치는 영향관계를 분석하였다. 기존의 연구들과 차별점으로, 가맹본부의 가맹점에 대한 지원을 개점 전 지원인 사전지원으로, 개점 후 지원인 사후지원으로 구분하였고, 가맹점이 실제 사업운영 과정에서 느끼는 가장 중요한 지각된 사업성, 그리고 가맹본부와 가맹점의 쌍방향성의 커뮤니케이션 정도, 또 가맹본부의 모럴해저드를 연구모델에 설정하여 가맹점 만족, 위험지각, 신뢰, 재계약의도 등의 관계를 프랜차이즈 시스템의 실질적 관점에서 조사한 점이라고 할 수 있다. 연구결과 (1)가맹본부의 사전지원, 사후지원, 지각된 사업성, 커뮤니케이션, 모럴해저드는 가맹점 만족에 영향을 미쳤고, (2)지각된 사업성, 커뮤니케이션, 모럴해저드는 위험지각에도 유의한 영향을 미쳤으며, (3)만족과 위험지각, 신뢰 모두 재계약의도에 유의한 영향을 미친 것으로 나타났다. 또한 이러한 결과를 바탕으로 본 연구는 향후 프랜차이즈 산업발전에 발전적인 시사점을 제시하였다.