곤달비 여름재배 시 냉각방법과 냉수호스베드재배가 생육 및 미기상에 미치는 영향

Effects of Several Cooling Methods and Cool Water Hose Bed Culture on Growth and Microclimate in Summer Season Cultivation of Narrowhead Goldenray 'Ligularia stenocephaia'

  • 김기덕 (국립식량과학원 고령지농업연구센터) ;
  • 이응호 (국립원예특작과학원) ;
  • 김원배 (국립원예특작과학원) ;
  • 이준구 (국립원예특작과학원) ;
  • 유동림 (국립식량과학원 고령지농업연구센터) ;
  • 권영석 (국립식량과학원 고령지농업연구센터) ;
  • 이종남 (국립식량과학원 고령지농업연구센터) ;
  • 장석우 (국립원예특작과학원) ;
  • 홍순춘 (국립식량과학원 고령지농업연구센터)
  • 투고 : 2011.04.26
  • 심사 : 2011.06.20
  • 발행 : 2011.06.30

초록

본 연구는 여름철에 신선한 곤달비를 생산하기 위하여, 몇 가지 냉각방법에 따른 재배효과를 검토하고 베드의 구조물 및 냉각수단으로서 호스를 이용한 경제적인 팽연화왕겨 간이수경재배베드를 개발하기 위하여 수행하였다. 냉각방법별 곤달비의 생육은 냉수호스, 미스트, 무비가림 순으로 좋았으며, $13^{\circ}C$의 지히수를 약 240/hr의 유속으로 흘려 냉각시켰을 때 지온이 약 $2{\sim}3^{\circ}C$ 낮아졌다. 여름재배 시 군락부위 부분냉방을 위해 개발된 호스베드시스템은 ${\phi}15cm$의 벽과, 유기배지로 팽연화왕겨가 이용된다. 냉수호스베드에서 냉수의 온도가 $14{\sim}22^{\circ}C$ 범위에서 공급되었을 때 배지의 온도는 $18{\sim}23^{\circ}C$로 유지되어 냉각효과가 양호하였으며, 스티로폼베드에 비하여 호스베드의 곤달비 군락부위의 온도는 약 $0.5^{\circ}C$, 근권부의 온도는 약 $3^{\circ}C$ 낮은 등 냉각효과가 있었다. 국부냉방을 위한 호스베드시스템은 곤달비와 같은 키가 작은 엽채류의 여름철 재배에 활용할 뿐 아니라 저온기에는 난방수를 순환하여 별도의 방열배관없이 국부난방에도 활용할 수 있어 경제적인 간이양액재배베드로서 활용될 것으로 기대된다.

This study was carried out to investigate the effects of several cooling methods such as water hose cooling, mist, fog and control on growth and microclimate, and to develop a simple nutriculture bed for production of fresh leaves of narrowhead goldenaray 'Ligularia stenocephala'. When the root-zone was cooled with 240 L/hr flow rate of $13^{\circ}C$ ground water using water hose, the temperature was lowered approximately by 2 to $3^{\circ}C$ than that of control. The growth of narrowhead goldenaray were favorable in the water hose cooling compared with the other cooling methods. Nutrient culture system having part cooling effect around plant canopy was developed. The system was composed of 15 cm diameter of water hose on side wall of beds, cooling hose, and expanded rice hull media as organic substrate. When cool water which the temperature changed in the range of 14 to $22^{\circ}C$ diurnally with 240 L/hr of flow rate through water hose, the air temperature around canopy and root-zone temperature were dropped by $0.5^{\circ}C$ and $3^{\circ}C$ compared with that of conventional styrofoam bed, respectively. These results showed that newly devised bed system using water hose was simple and economical for the production of high quality narrowhead goldenaray leaves. This system might be practically used both at summer and winter season for the cultivation of narrow head goldenaray by part cooling or heating around root-zone and plant canopy.

키워드

참고문헌

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