Effects of CR Contents on Rubber Vulcanization and Mechanical Properties of NR/CR Blends

NR/CR 고무블랜드에서의 CR조성비가 가황 및 물성에 미치는 영향

  • 안원술 (계명대학교 화학공학과) ;
  • 박동률 (KCW(주) 고무기술연구소)
  • Received : 2011.04.13
  • Accepted : 2011.06.08
  • Published : 2011.06.30


Effects of CR contents in NR/CR blends on the vulcanization kinetics and miscibility were studied by dynamic DSC and TGA, as well as the mechanical properties. While the vulcanization activation energy showed a constant value of $77.5{\pm}2.5$ kcal/mol regardless of CR contents, reaction rate, however, was observed to be somewhat lowered at increased CR contents. Partial miscibility was found between NR and CR phases at lower CR content of 3 wt%, but immiscibility was observed at higher CR content of 21 wt%. Mechanical properties were also affected by this miscibility, showing linear increase of compression set but decrease of tensile strength with CR contents in the blends.

NR/CR 블렌드에서 CR 함량이 가황 동력학과 혼용성에 미치는 영향을 물성은 물론이고 dynamic DSC와 TGA를 이용하여 연구하였다. 가황반응 시의 생성 활성화 에너지는 모든 시험편에 대하여 $77.5{\pm}2.5$ kcal/mol로써 일정한 값을 보여 주었으나 CR 조성비가 증가함에 따라 반응속도는 늦어지는 것으로 나타났다. DTG를 이용한 열분해 연구의 결과로서 NR과 CR 두 성분은 3%정도의 낮은 CR 조성비에서는 부분적인 상용성을 보이지만 21%정도의 높은 CR 조성비에서는 상용성이 없는 것으로 판단되었다. 이러한 상용성의 변화에 의한 결과로서 시험편의 영구압축줄음률은 CR 조성비에 비례하여 증가하는 것이 관찰되었으나, 인장강도에 대하여서는 CR 조성비가 증가할수록 인장강도는 직선적으로 떨어지는 현상을 나타내 었다.



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