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Effect of Barley Green Manure on Rice Growth and Yield According to Tillage Date in Spring

녹비보리의 환원시기가 후작물 벼 생육 및 수량에 미치는 영향

  • 김민태 (농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원) ;
  • 구자환 (농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원) ;
  • 전원태 (농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원) ;
  • 성기영 (농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원) ;
  • 박창영 (농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원) ;
  • 유진희 (농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원) ;
  • 조현숙 (농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원) ;
  • 오인석 (농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원) ;
  • 이용환 (농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원) ;
  • 이종기 (농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원) ;
  • 박만 (경북대학교) ;
  • 강위금 (농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원)
  • Received : 2010.01.04
  • Published : 2011.06.30

Abstract

To use barley as a green manure crop, this study has been conducted in Suwon, Gyeonggi-do to establish the barley green manure (BGM)-rice cropping system with emphasis on soil incorporation date and BGM density. The nitrogen (N) contents of rye and barley, grass green manure crops, were 1.4~2.4% at early growth stage and decreased rapidly to 0.6~1.0% at late growth stage. The biomass of barley was 449 kg/l0a at heading stage (HS) and increased to 421 kg/10a at 10 days after heading stage (DAH), 473 kg/10a at 20 DAH. C/N ratio of BGM was the lowest 26.3 at HS. The N contents of BGM was in the range of 0.9~1.5%, the highest at HS and gradually decreased, and the output of N were 4.3-6.3 kg/10a. The total amount of nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium of BGM showed the highest level at 10 DAH. Culm length of rice was relatively longer as the BGM application time was delayed. The application of BGM into soil increased plant height of rice by 7.2~7.7 em as compared to the plants treated with commercial fertilizer at recommended rate. but panicle length of rice showed a similar tendency in both the soil-applied of BGM and commercial fertilizer. N contents of unhulled rice was the highest at HS of BGM and followed by 10 DAH of BGM and 20 DAH of BGM. This trend could also be seen in rice straw. The yield of rice in the soil-applied of BGM was 10~15% lower than in the soil-applied of commercial fertilizer. Based on this study, application of BGM made it possible to save 30~50% of application amount of nitrogen fertilizer for following crops.

보리를 녹비로 이용하기 위하여 녹비보리 토양 환원시기가 후작물 벼 생육 및 수량에 마치는 영향을 구명하기 위하여 경기도 수원의 국립식량과학원 시험포장에서 시험한 결과는 다음과 같다. 1. 호밀과 보리의 질소함량은 생육 초기에 1.4~2.4%, 생육후기에 0.6~1.0%를 나타냈다. 2. 보리 바이오매스량은 출수기에 421 kg/l0a, 출수 후 10일에 449 kg/10a, 출수 후 20일에 473 kg/ l0a이었고, C/N율은 출수기에 26.3, 출수 후 10 일에 38.0, 출수 후 20 일에 42.5로 출수 후 시간이 경과함에 띠라 C/N율이 높아졌다. 3. 보리의 지상부 질소함량은 출수기에 0.9~1.5%로 가장 높았고 출수 후 시간이 경과하면서 점차 낮아졌으며, 질소 총함유량은 출수기에 4.3, 출수후 20일에 6.3 kg/10a이였다. 4. 녹비보리 지상부에 함유된 질소, 인산, 칼리 총량은 출수 후 10일에 가장 높게 나타났다. 5. 후작물 벼의 생육은 녹비보리 투입구가 표준시비구에 비하여 간장이 7.2~7.7 cm 길었으며, 수장은 녹비보리 투입구와 표준시비구가 비슷한 경향이었다. 6. 후작물 벼 정조의 질소총량은 출수기 녹비보리 토양투입구 > 출수 후 10 일 녹비보리 토양투입구 > 출수 후 20일 녹비보리 토양 투입구 순으로 많았고, 볏짚의 질소 총량도 같은 경향을 나타내었다. 7. 쌀 수량은 출수기 녹비보리 토양투입구는 457 kg/l0a, 출수 후 10 일 녹비보리 토양투입구는 465 kg/10a, 출수 후 20일 녹비보리 토양투입구는 438 kg/10a로 관행시비구 515 kg/10a 에 비하여 10~15% 낮았다.

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