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국소 전립선암의 영구적 근접치료: 조기 결과

Permanent Brachytherapy of Localized Prostate Cancer: Preliminary Results

  • 박혜리 (차의과학대학교 분당차병원 방사선종양학교실) ;
  • 장세경 (차의과학대학교 분당차병원 방사선종양학교실) ;
  • 김자영 (차의과학대학교 분당차병원 방사선종양학교실) ;
  • 이보미 (차의과학대학교 분당차병원 방사선종양학교실) ;
  • 고승영 (차의과학대학교 분당차병원 방사선종양학교실) ;
  • 김성준 (차의과학대학교 분당차병원 방사선종양학교실) ;
  • 신현수 (차의과학대학교 분당차병원 방사선종양학교실)
  • Park, Hye-Li (Department of Radiation Oncology, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University) ;
  • Chang, Sei-Kyung (Department of Radiation Oncology, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University) ;
  • Kim, Ja-Young (Department of Radiation Oncology, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University) ;
  • Lee, Bo-Mi (Department of Radiation Oncology, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University) ;
  • Ko, Seong-Young (Department of Radiation Oncology, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University) ;
  • Kim, Sung-Joon (Department of Radiation Oncology, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University) ;
  • Shin, Hyun-Soo (Department of Radiation Oncology, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University)
  • 투고 : 2011.04.01
  • 심사 : 2011.05.23
  • 발행 : 2011.06.30

초록

목 적: 국소 전립선암의 영구적 근접치료 후 단기간 추적 관찰 동안의 생화학적 재발률과 부작용의 정도 및 이에 영향을 미치는 인자들에 대해 알아보고자 하였다. 대상 및 방법: 2007년 4월부터 2008년 12월까지 영구적 근접 치료를 시행 받은 환자는 67예이었다. 추적 관찰이 중단된 환자 5명, 이전에 방사선치료를 받았던 환자 2명을 제외한 60예 중 근치적으로 외부 방사선치료를 병용한 16예, 구제 요법으로 외부 방사선치료를 병용한 1예를 제외한 43예를 대상으로 종앙표지인자의 변화와 부작용의 발생 여부를 조사하였다. T1-T2a, Gleason score 6점 이하, prostate specific antigen (PSA) 10 ng/mL 미만의 조건을 모두 충족시킬 경우를 저위험군으로 정의하였으며, T2b-T2c, Gleason score 7점, PSA 10~20 ng/mL 중 한 가지 이상의 조건을 충족시키는 경우를 종간위험군으로 정의하였고, T3a 이상, Gleason score 8~10점, PSA>20 ng/mL 중 한가지 이상의 조건을 총족시키는 경우를 고위험군으로 정의하였다. 저위험군은 18명이었고, 중간위험군은 19명, 고위험군은 6명이었다. 처방선량은 145 Gy이었다. 결 과: 저위험군과 중간위험군에서 각각 1예씩 PSA가 2 ng/mL 이상 증가하여 생화학적 재발로 진단 받았으며(4.7%), 생화학적 재발률에 영향을 미치는 통계적으로 유의한 인자는 없었다. 급성 요로계 부작용의 경우 Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) grade 1과 2가 각각 40예, 3예 있었으며, grade 2 이상의 급성 직장 부작용은 없었고 grade 1인 경우가 5예 있었다. 만성 요로계 부작용은 RTOG grade 1, 2, 3이 각각 1 예, 4예, 1예에서 나타났으며, RTOG grade 1, 2의 만성 직장 부작용이 각각 5예, 10예에서 나타났고 직장 요도간 장루가 생긴 grade 4인 경우가 3예 있었다. 부작용의 발생에 통계적으로 유의한 영향을 미치는 요인은 급성 직장염의 경우 전체 직장에서 최고 선량이 조사되는 직장 0.1 cc에 들어가는 최소 선량(p=0.041), 전체 직장 중 처방 선량의 150% 이상이 들어가는 부피(p=0.038), 치료 부위에 포함 된 직장 중 100% 선량이 들어가는 부피(p=0.047) 및 비율(p=0.019)이 있었으며, 급성 요로계 부작용의 경우 seed 개수(p=0.028)가 유의한 영향을 미쳤다. 만성 요로계 부작용에 유의한 영향을 미치는 인자는 없었으며, 만성 직장염의 경우 전체 직장의 100% 처방선량이 들어가는 부피의 비율(p=0,011), 치료 범위 직장에서 100% 처방선량이 들어가는 부피(p=0.023) 및 최고 선량이 조사되는 직장 0.1 cc에 들어가는 최소 선량(p=0.049)이 유의하게 나타났다. 결 론: 국소 전립선암 환자에서 영구적 근접치료는 저위험군 환자뿐 아니라 중간위험군이나 고위험군 환자에게도 선택적으로 적용 가능한 치료 방법이라고 생각되며 직장 부작용을 감소시키기 위한 노력이 필요하다고 생각된다.

Purpose: To evaluate the biochemical control rate and the rate of side effects after performing permanent brachytherapy of localized prostate cancer. Materials and Methods: 67 patients with localized prostate cancer were treated with brachytherapy between April 2007 and December 2008. Of these, 43 patients who were followed up and did not receive external radiotherapy were evaluated for the change in prostate specific antigen (PSA) level and the occurrence of side effects. In total, 18 patients were classified as low risk, 19 patients as intermediate risk, and 6 patients as high risk. The prescription dose was 145 Gy. Results: A PSA increase greater than 2 ng/mL occurred in 2 patients (4.7%). Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) grade 1 and 2 acute urologic complications (UC) occurred in 40 and 3 patients, respectively. Further, 5 patients had RTOG grade 1 acute rectal complication (RC). The numbers of RTOG grade 1, 2, and 3 chronic UC were 1, 4, and 1, respectively. The numbers of RTOG grade 1, 2, and 4 chronic RC were 5, 10, and 3, respectively. The statistically significant risk factors (RF) of acute RC were the minimal dose in the most irradiated 0.1 cc volume ($D_{0.1cc}$, p=0.041) and absolute volume receiving 150% of the prescribed dose ($V_{150cc}$, p=0.038) in the entire rectum (ER). The percentage ($V_{100%}$, p=0.019) and absolute volume ($V_{100cc}$, p=0.047) in the involved rectum (IR) were also statistically significant. The RF of chronic RC were $V_{100%}$ (p=0.011) in the ER and the $D_{0.1cc}$ (p=0.049), $V_{100cc}$ (p=0.023) in the IR. The number of used seeds were related with acute UC (p=0.028). Conclusion: Permanent brachytherpy of localized prostate cancer showed a favorable short term biochemical control rate. As such, selective intermediate and high risk patients can be managed with permanent brachytherapy. The effort to reduce rectal complication is also necessary.

키워드

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