Effects of Social Capital on Organizational Performance in Hospital Organization - Focusing on Effects of Intellectual Capital -

간호사가 지각한 병원조직의 사회적 자본이 조직성과에 미치는 영향 - 지적자본에 의한 효과를 중심으로 -

  • Jang, Keum-Seong (College of Nursing, Chonnam National University, Research Institute of Nursing Science, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Eun-A (Kidney Center, Department of Nursing, Chonnam National University Hospital) ;
  • Oh, Suk-Hee (Department of Nursing, Jeonbuk Science College, Research Institute of Nursing Science, Chonnam National University)
  • 장금성 (전남대학교 간호대학, 전남대학교 간호과학 연구소) ;
  • 김은아 (전남대학교병원 간호부 신장센터) ;
  • 오숙희 (전북과학대학, 전남대학교 간호과학 연구소)
  • Received : 2010.08.26
  • Accepted : 2010.12.05
  • Published : 2011.03.31


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of intellectual capital in the relationship between social capital and organizational performance in hospital organizations. Methods: A cross-sectional design was used, with a convenience sample of 390 nurses from 3 general hospitals in Gwangju and Chonnam province. Data were collected through a questionnaire survey done from May 1 to 15, 2009. Data was analyzed with descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient and hierarchial multiple regression using the SPSS WIN 17.0 program. Results: There was a significantly positive relationship between social capital, intellectual capital and organizational performance. Intellectual capital showed partial mediating effects between social capital and organizational performance. However, intellectual capital did not show moderating effects. Conclusion: Accumulated social capital increased intellectual capital and the increased intellectual capital increased organizational performance. This finding suggests that as a contribution to the improvement of organizational performance in hospitals, creation and accumulation of social capital and intellectual capital are very critical.


Supported by : 전남대학교


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