Genetic Polymorphism of the Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Gene among Korean Golfers

  • Kim, Chong-Ho (Department of Clinical Laboratory Science, Wonkwang Health Science University) ;
  • Park, Sang-Ho (Department of Clinical Laboratory Science, Wonkwang Health Science University) ;
  • Kim, Eun-Sook (Department of Clinical Laboratory Science, Wonkwang Health Science University)
  • Received : 2011.04.13
  • Accepted : 2011.06.20
  • Published : 2011.06.30

Abstract

Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) is a vital enzyme in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, and there are literature reports describing its relationship between the ACE polymorphism and muscular strength, muscular endurance and flexibility. The purpose of this study is to identify the distribution of the ACE gene polymorphism among individual golfers and the relationship between different golfers group. We analyzed the ACE gene polymorphism to study the individual differences among professional golfers (n=35), junior golfers (n=30) and general golfers (n=25). Genotype frequencies of DD, ID and II in total golfers (n=90) were 16.7%, 52.2% and 31.1% respectively. In professional golfers, the frequencies of DD, ID and II were 25.7%, 45.7% and 28.6% respectively. The frequency of DD genotype in professional golfers was higher than in junior golfers and in general golfers, but the II genotype in professional golfers was lower than in other groups. In conclusion, these data suggest that the capability and power of golf exercise are associated with the hereditary characteristics of the ACE polymorphism.