Analysis on characteristics of shape indices through the comparison of regional woodland patches

지역별 산림패치 비교를 통한 형태지수의 특성분석

  • Kim, Keun-Ho (Department of Landscape Architecture, Yeungnam University)
  • Received : 2010.01.27
  • Accepted : 2010.03.26
  • Published : 2010.03.30

Abstract

지난 수십 년 동안 형태지수는 패치의 복잡성을 정량화하여 생물종 다양성 보존과 같은 경관생태계획에 활용되어 왔다. 지역계획 연구자들이나 정책결정자들에게 경관구조와 패턴을 정량화하는 경관생태지수는 대상지역을 모니터링할 수 있는 하나의 수단으로 활용되어 왔다. 그러나 경관생태지수관련 연구를 살펴보면 연구 목적 및 범위에 따라 활용하는 경관생태지수의 종류가 매우 다양하고 복잡한 것을 알 수 있다. 또한 연구목적에 적합한 경관생태지수를 선정하는 것은 복잡한 수학분석과 함께 많은 주의가 필요한 것을 알 수 있다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 형태지수들을 도시지역, 도시외곽지역, 농촌지역 그리고 산림지역 등 4군데 사례지역에 적용하여 그 결과를 통해 형태지수들의 특성을 살펴보았다. 그 결과, 평균형태지수값(MSI)에서는 도시외곽지역이 가장 높게 나타났고, 평균프랙텔차원지수(MPFD)에서는 농촌지역이 높게 나타났다. 넓은 면적을 가진 패치에 가중점을 고려한 평균형태지수값(AWMSI)과 평균프랙텔차원지수값(AWMPFD)에서는 산림지역이 가장 높게 나타났다. 사용한 네 가지 형태지수값의 순위가 4군데 사례지역에서 다르게 나타났다. 특히 둘레와 면적의 로그전환을 이용하고 있는 프랙텔차원지수들의 경우, 도시와 도시외곽지역의 MPFD값은 같고, 도시외곽지역, 농촌지역과 산림지역의 AWMPFD값 차이는 적어 순위 분별력이 떨어졌다. 따라서 넓은 면적을 가진 패치에 가중점을 고려한 평균형태지수(AWMSI)가 지역별 산림패치의 복잡성을 잘 정량화할 수 있음을 본 연구결과에서 보여주고 있다.

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