Pain Management Knowledge and Attitude of Hospitalized Patients with Cancer and Their Family Caregivers

일개 종합병원 입원 암 환자와 암 환자 가족원의 암성통증관리에 대한 지식 및 태도

  • 김묘연 (강북삼성병원 종양혈액내과) ;
  • 박연환 (서울대학교 간호대학.간호과학연구소) ;
  • 박달이 (강북삼성병원 간호부) ;
  • 황연자 (강북삼성병원 간호팀) ;
  • 장희경 (서울대학교 간호대학 대학원)
  • Received : 2009.06.09
  • Accepted : 2009.07.28
  • Published : 2009.08.31


Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate pain management knowledge and attitude in cancer patients and their family caregivers. Methods: The subjects were 52 hospitalized cancer patients and 52 their family caregivers in a hematooncologic unit in one general hospital. Data were collected via self-reported questionnaires and interviews in 2008. Results: 46.2% of the patient participants reported pain and 50% of them were taking opioid analgesics. Levels of knowledge about cancer pain and its management in both patient and caregiver participants were low, whereas, the scores of knowledge of the caregivers were significantly higher than that of the patients. The attitudes toward cancer pain were not significantly different between patients and caregivers. Both cancer patients and caregivers had some misconcepts in using opioid analgesics and about cancer pain. Patients' and caregivers' level of knowledge about cancer pain and its mangement demonstrated positive correlation. Conclusion: Education about cancer pain and its management should target both cancer patients and their family caregivers. Also the education should focus on intervening the misconceptions that patients and their caregivers have regarding cancer pain and its management.


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