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Quality Characteristics and Antioxidant Activity of Calcium-added Garlic Yanggaeng

칼슘 첨가 마늘 페이스트로 제조한 양갱의 품질특성 및 항산화성

  • Jeon, Mi-Ra (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Min-Hee (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Son, Chan-Wok (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Mee-Ree (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, Chungnam National University)
  • 전미라 (충남대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 김민희 (충남대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 손찬욱 (충남대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 김미리 (충남대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 2009.02.28

Abstract

This study was performed to investigate the quality characteristics and antioxidant activity of garlic yanggaeng added with several calcium sources (calcium carbonate, calcium citrate, calcium lactate, mixed calcium and calcium powder). The pH and lightness of calcium-added garlic yanggaeng decreased compared with control. Lightness of garlic yanggaeng added with calcium lactate, calcium carbonate and calcium powder was similar with that of control. As for texture profile analysis, hardness of garlic yanggaeng added with calcium lactate, calcium carbonate and calcium powder was increased compared to control. The antioxidant activities determined by DPPH and hydroxyl radical scavenging activities of the garlic yanggaeng added with calcium lactate, calcium carbonate and calcium powder were significantly higher than those of control. The pungent and taste of garlic were reduced in garlic yanggaeng added with calcium lactate, calcium carbonate and calcium powder. Consumer test showed that the score of overall acceptance was higher in the garlic yanggaeng added with calcium lactate and calcium carbonate, compared to those of other calcium sources. Based on these results, it was suggested that garlic paste added with calcium carbonate or calcium lactate may be useful materials to improve quality of garlic yanggaeng.

마늘과 칼슘을 이용한 기능성과 고가치의 양갱을 제조하기 위하여 칼슘의 종류를 각각 달리하고, 마늘을 무취화 시킨 칼슘첨가 마늘페이스트를 제조한 후 양갱을 만들어 품질 특성 및 항산화성, 관능적 특성을 평가하였다. 칼슘첨가 마늘 양갱은 산도가 무첨가군보다 증가하였으며, 당도가 다소감소하였으나 유의적 차이를 보이지는 않았다. 양갱의 색도 측정 결과는 칼슘 및 마늘의 첨가에 따라 L값이 감소하였으며, a값과 b값은 유의적으로 증가하였으나, 대조군의 L값과 유사한 군은 젖산칼슘, 탄산칼슘, 칼슘파우더이었다. 마늘양갱의 기계적 경도는 탄산칼슘, 젖산칼슘, 칼슘파우더 첨가군에서 증가하였으며, 탄력성은 칼슘파우더를 첨가한 경우에 증가하였다. DPPH 라디칼 소거능 및 hydroxyl 라디칼 소거능에 대한 항산화 활성 역시 무첨가군에 비해 마늘양갱과 칼슘첨가 마늘양갱에서 높아지는 경향을 보였는데 특히, 탄산칼슘, 젖산칼슘, 칼슘믹스에서였다. 관능검사 결과 마늘 냄새, 마늘 맛에서 유의적 차이를 보이지 않았으며, 전체적인 수용도에 있어서 탄산칼슘, 젖산칼슘, 구연산칼슘 첨가군이 높은 점수를 받았다. 이상의 결과를 볼 때 칼슘첨가 마늘 페이스트는 새로운 기능성 양갱을 제조하는데 있어서 좋은 소재로서의 가능성을 가지고 있다고 사료된다.

Keywords

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