Effects of Water Temperature and Body Weight on Oxygen Consumption Rate of Black Rockfish, Sebastes schlegeli

조피볼락, Sebastes schlegeli의 산소 소비율에 미치는 수온과 체중의 영향

  • Oh, Sung-Yong (Marine Resources Research Department, Korea Ocean Research & Development Institute) ;
  • Noh, Choong Hwan (Marine Resources Research Department, Korea Ocean Research & Development Institute) ;
  • Myoung, Jung-Goo (Marine Resources Research Department, Korea Ocean Research & Development Institute) ;
  • Jo, Jae-Yoon (Department of Aquaculture, Pukyong National University)
  • 오승용 (한국해양연구원 해양생물자원연구본부) ;
  • 노충환 (한국해양연구원 해양생물자원연구본부) ;
  • 명정구 (한국해양연구원 해양생물자원연구본부) ;
  • 조재윤 (부경대학교 양식학과)
  • Received : 2007.01.05
  • Accepted : 2007.03.05
  • Published : 2007.03.31

Abstract

The effect of water temperature (T) and body weight (W) on the oxygen consumption of the fasted black rockfish, Sebastes schlegeli was investigated to provide empirical data for the culture management and bioenergetic growth model of this species. The mean wet body weights of two fish groups used for the present experiment were $12.9{\pm}2.7g$ ($mean{\pm}SD$) and $351.1{\pm}9.2g$. The oxygen consumption rate (OCR) was measured under three water temperature regimes (15, 20 and $25^{\circ}C$) at an interval of 5 minutes for 24 hours using a continuous flow-through respirometer. In each treatment three replicates were set up and 45 fish in small size groups and 6 fish in large size groups were used. The OCRs increased with increasing water temperature in both size groups (p<0.001). Mean OCRs at 15, 20 and $25^{\circ}C$ were 414.2, 691.5 and $843.8mg\;O_2\;kg^{-1}h^{-1}$ in small size groups, and 182.0, 250.7 and $328.2mg\;O_2\;kg^{-1}h^{-1}$ in large size groups, respectively. The OCRs decreased with increasing body weights in three water temperature groups (p<0.001). The mass effect on metabolic rate can be expressed by the power of 0.69~0.75. The data are best described by the relationship: OCR=89.12+28.79T-1.17W. $Q_{10}$ values ranged 1.90~2.79 between 15 and $20^{\circ}C$, 1.49~1.71 between 20 and $25^{\circ}C$, and 1.80~2.03 over the full temperature range, respectively. The energy loss by metabolic cost increased with increasing water temperature and decreasing body weight (p<0.001). Mean energy loss rates by oxygen consumption at 15, 20 and $25^{\circ}C$ were 282.9, 472.3 and $576.3kJ\;kg^{-1}d^{-1}$ in small size groups and 124.3, 171.3 and $224.1kJ\;kg^{-1}d^{-1}$ in large size groups, respectively.

조피볼락의 사육 관리 및 생체역학 모델 결정을 위한 기초자료를 수집하기 위해 수온과 체중에 따른 산소 소비율 (oxygen consumption rate, OCR)을 조사하였다. 절식한 조피볼락 소형어 (습중량, $12.9{\pm}2.7g$, 135마리)와 대형어 ($351.1{\pm}9.2g$, 18마리)를 대상으로 세 가지 수온 (15, 20, $25^{\circ}C$)에 따라 유수식 형태의 호흡실을 이용하여 24시간 동안 5분 간격으로(3반복) 산소 소비율을 측정하였다. 수온과 체중 그리고 두 인자의 상호작용 모두가 조피볼락의 산소 소비율에 유의한 영향을 미쳤다 (p<0.001). 수온 상승에 따라 소형어와 대형어의 산소 소비율은 모두 유의적으로 증가하였다 (p<0.001). 15, 20 그리고 $25^{\circ}C$에서의 시간당 평균 산소 소비율은 소형어에서 각각 414.2, 691.5 그리고 $843.8mg\;O_2\;kg^{-1}h^{-1}$였으며, 대형어에서 각각 182.0, 250.7 그리고 $328.2mg\;O_2\;kg^{-1}h^{-1}$이었다. 실험 수온 조건에서 체중 증가에 따라 산소 소비율은 유의하게 감소하였으며 (p<0.001), 대사율에 미치는 체중의 영향은 0.69~0.75 범위의 지수였다. 조피볼락의 산소 소비율에 미치는 수온 (T)과 체중 (W)의 상관관계는 OCR=89.12+28.79T-1.17W로 나타났다. $Q_{10}$ 값은 $15{\sim}20^{\circ}C$, $20{\sim}25^{\circ}C$ 그리고 $15{\sim}25^{\circ}C$에서 소형어와 대형어는 각각 2.79와 1.90, 1.49와 1.71 그리고 2.03과 1.80이었다. 대사에 의한 에너지 손실은 수온 증가와 체중 감소에 따라 증가하였다(p<0.001). 15, 20 그리고 $25^{\circ}C$에서의 호흡 대사로 인한 일간 평균 에너지 손실은 소형어에서 각각 282.9, 472.3 그리고 $576.3kJ\;kg^{-1}d^{-1}$였으며, 대형어에서 각각 124.3, 171.3 그리고 $224.1kJ\;kg^{-1}d^{-1}$이었다.

Acknowledgement

Grant : 통영해역의 바다목장화 개발 연구

Supported by : 해양수산부

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