- Volume 11 Issue 2
DIRECTIONAL FILTER BANK-BASED FINGERPRINT IMAGE ENHANCEMENT USING RIDGE CURVATURE CLASSIFICATION
- Lee, Joon-Jae (Division of Computer and Information Engineering, Dongseo University) ;
- Lee, Byung-Gook (Division of Computer and Information Engineering, Dongseo University) ;
- Park, Chul-Hyun (Mobile Communication, Samsung Electronics)
- Published : 2007.06.30
In fingerprints, singular regions including core or delta points have different directional characteristics from non-singular regions. Generally, the ridges of singular regions change more abruptly than those of nonsingular areas, thus in order to effectively enhance fingerprint images regardless of region, local ridge curvature information needs to be used. In this paper, we present an improved Directional Filter Bank (DFB)-based fingerprint image enhancement method that effectively takes advantage of such ridge curvature information. The proposed method first decomposes a fingerprint image into 8 directional subbands using the DFB and then classifies the image into background, low curvature, and high curvature regions using the directional energy estimates calculated from the subbands. Thereafter, the weight values for directional subband processing are determined using classification information and directional energy estimates. Finally, the enhanced image is obtained by synthesizing the processed subbands. The experimental results show that the proposed approach is effective in enhancing both singular and non-singular regions.