# Lubrication Effect of Liquid Nitrogen in Cryogenic Machining Friction on the Tool-chip Interface

• Jun Seong-Chan (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Columbia University)
• Published : 2005.04.01

#### Abstract

The liquid nitrogen as an environmentally safe coolant has been widely recognized in cryo­genic machining, its function as a lubricant is plausible due to its chemical inertness, physical volatility and low viscosity. Since a reduced friction is a direct witness of the lubrication effect from a tribological viewpoint, this paper presents an evaluation of the apparent friction coefficient on the tool-chip interface in cryogenic cutting operations to prove and characterize the lubricity of LN2 in cryogenic machining. The cryogenic cutting technology used in this study is based on a cooling approach and liquid nitrogen delivery system which are intended to apply liquid nitrogen in well-controlled fine jets to selectively localized cutting zones and to penetrate liquid nitrogen to the tool-chip interface. It has been found that the apparent friction coefficient can be significantly reduced in cryogenic machining, depending on the approach of liquid nitrogen delivery.

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