An Empirical Research on Relation between FDI and Technology Diffusion: Using Nonstationary Panel Data

외국인 직접투자의 기술확산 효과에 대한 실증분석 : 비안정적 패널자료를 이용하여

  • 김홍기 (한남대학교 국제통상학과) ;
  • 김종운 (중소기업청 해외시장)
  • Published : 2005.12.01


This study aims at investigating whether foreign direct investment plays a role as a channel of international technology diffusion. We used the annual panel data from 1980 to 2002. The nonstationary panel techniques, in particular group mean panel FMOLS(fully modified OLS) was exploited as an empirical methodology in order to tackle the heterogeneity between members and low frequency. The empirical results show that inflow direct investments lead to an increase in total factor productivity and economic growth. Also outflow direct investments contribute to an higher total factor productivity and economic growth. These results confirms that both inflow and outflow direct investments are important channels for international technology diffusion or spillover.