Current Understanding and Practices of Breast feeding by Mothers

모유수유에 대한 산모의 의식과 실천 현황

  • Park, Eun Young (Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Cho, Su Jin (Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Lee, Keun (Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Ewha Womans University)
  • 박은영 (이화여자대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실) ;
  • 조수진 (이화여자대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실) ;
  • 이근 (이화여자대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실)
  • Received : 2005.06.17
  • Accepted : 2005.08.08
  • Published : 2005.11.15

Abstract

Purpose : The objective of this survey was to develop an operational plan for breast feeding education. In order to comprehend current breast feeding patterns, we aimed to examine the knowledge, attitude and practices regarding breast feeding of mothers and to compare the data with a similar study done 6 years ago. Methods : A total of 127 mothers who delivered healthy babies at Ewha Womans University Dongdaemun Hospital were interviewed and asked to complete a survey on their perception of breast feeding during their postpartum stay in the hospital. A follow up phone interview was carried out at 1, 2 and 3 months after delivery and similar questions were asked. Results : At the time of delivery, 96.1 percent of mothers planned to breast feed, including 73.2 percent of exclusive breast feeding and 22.8 percent of mixed feeding. The duration of breast feeding planned was mostly 7-12 months. Breast feeding had been recommended by family members. Between 1-3 months, exclusive breast feeding was maintained at least 50 percent but a large number of mothers who had practiced mixed feeding changed to formula feeding. This trend demonstrates an increase in the rate of breast feeding at 3 months compared to a similar study done in 1999. The main reasons for discontinuing breast feeding were insufficient amount of milk(35.0 percent) and return to work(27.5 percent). Conclusion : Breast feeding rate has increased in Korea since 1999 but failure to continue exclusive breast feeding still occurs mainly within the first month after delivery. Breast feeding education should focus on supportive care to mothers practicing mixed feeding.

목 적 : 실질적인 모유수유 교육 계획을 세우기 위하여 산모의 모유수유의 실태와 의식을 조사하고 6년 전 시행했던 유사 연구와의 비교를 통해서 우리나라 모유수유의 추세를 파악하고자 하였다. 방 법 : 이화여자대학교 의과대학 동대문병원에서 건강한 신생아를 출산한 127명의 산모를 대상으로 하였다. 산모는 출산 후 1일에 면담하였고 1, 2, 3개월에 다시 전화 추적 면담으로 모유수유 상태와 계획을 조사하였다. 결 과 : 분만 직후 96.1%의 산모들이 모유수유를 계획하고 있었다. 이중 73.2%는 완전 모유수유를, 22.8%는 혼합수유를 계획하고 있었다. 모유수유 기간은 대부분에서 7-12개월을 계획하고 있었다. 모유수유를 주위에서 권장한 사람은 가족이 가장 많았다. 3개월이 경과되면서 완전 모유수유를 하는 산모의 비율은 50%정도로 감소하였고, 혼합 수유하던 산모들은 대부분 인공수유로 이행되었다. 이러한 추세는 1999년에 Jung 등이 시행했던 연구에서와 비슷하나 3개월까지 완전모유수유를 유지하는 비율은 증가하는 경향이다. 모유수유 실패 요인은 젖 부족이(35.0%), 직장 복귀가(27.5%)로 의료인의 지지와 교육으로 도와줄 수 있는 원인들이었다. 결 론 : 1999년 Jung 등의 연구와 비교하여 볼 때 생후 3개월까지 완전 모유수유를 유지하는 비율은 27%에서 50%로 증가하였으나, 모유수유를 실패하는 대부분은 생후 1개월에 인공수유로 전환됨을 알 수 있었다. 혼합 수유를 시행하는 산모에게 실질적이고 지지적인 교육을 통해서 모유수유 성공률은 증가될 수 있다.

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