The Effects of Children's Temperament, Maternal Child-Rearing Behavior, and Child-Care on Children's Noncompliance

아동의 기질, 어머니의 양육행동 및 보육경험이 아동의 불순응 행동에 미치는 영향

  • Ha, Ji Young (Department of Consumer Science and Human Development, Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Park, Sung Yun (Department of Consumer Science and Human Development, Ewha Womans University)
  • 하지영 (이화여자대학교 생활환경대학 소비자.인간발달학과) ;
  • 박성연 (이화여자대학교 생활환경대학 소비자.인간발달학과)
  • Received : 2004.12.31
  • Accepted : 2005.02.19
  • Published : 2005.04.30


This study investigated the effects of children's temperament and environmental factors on boys' and girls' noncompliance in ecological context. Observations were made of 62 children(34 boys and 28 girls, $\bar{x}$= 44 months) enrolled in child-care centers. Mothers and caregivers completed questionnaires. Data were analyzed by t-test, Pearson's Correlation, and three way ANOVA. Results showed no significant gender difference in noncompliance. There were correlations between children's activity level, maternal rejection and responsiveness, quantity of child-care and boys' noncompliance. For girls, only activity level and quantity of child-care were related to noncompliance. The effects of maternal child-rearing behavior and child-care variables on noncompliance varied by children's gender and temperament.


  1. 대한가정학회지 v.35 no.2 보육교사 행동의 질적 수준과 아동의 사회적 행동 특성 곽주영;이영
  2. 아동학회지 v.29 no.1 유아의 기질, 어머니의 통제책략과 유아의 자기통제행동과의 관계 곽혜경;조복희
  3. 어머니의 양육가치, 양육목표, 양육신념 및 조정행동과 유아의 순응행동 간의 관계 김미정
  4. 아동학회지 v.18 no.2 영유아기의 탁아 경험과 유아의 부모에 대한 애착 및 사회정서적 문제행동과의 관계 김숙령
  5. 대한가정학회지 v.41 no.7 영아보육 및 가족변인이 어머니의 양육행동에 미치는 영향 박성연;고은주
  6. 아동학회지 v.20 no.2 걸음마기 아동의 문제행동과 보육교사의 어려움에 관한 연구 윤주화;이종희
  7. 3세 여아의 행동억제와 그 관련변인 -영아기 정서성, 부모의 내향성, 부모의 양육행동과의 관계 이미정
  8. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology v.15 Empirically based assessment of the behavioral/emotional problems of 2- and 3-year-old children Achenbach, T.N.;Edelbrock, C.;Howell, C.T.
  9. Aggression: A social learning analysis Bandura, A.
  10. Defiant children: A clinician's manual for assessment and parent training Barkley, R.A.
  11. Early Childhood Research Quarterly v.3 The 'effects' of infant day care reconsidered Belsky, J.
  12. Journal of Marriage and the Family v.52 Parental and nonparental child care and children's socioemotional development: A decade in review Belsky, J.
  13. 1997년도 한국아동학회 추계워크샵 자료집 The effects of nonmatemal care on child development Belsky, J.
  14. Journal of Marriage and the Family v.53 Early and extensive maternal employment and young children's socioemotional development: Children of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth Belsky, J.;Eggebeen, D.
  15. Journal of Marriage and the Family v.53 Early and extensive maternal employment and young children's socioemotional development: Children of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth Belsky, J.;Eggebeen, D.
  16. Child Development v.59 Nonmaternal care in the first year of life and infant-parent attachment security Belsky, J.;Rovine, M.
  17. Attachment and loss(vol. 2), Separation: Anxiety and anger Bowlby, J.
  18. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology v.18 Compliance and noncompliance: The roles of maternal control and child temperament Braungart-Rieker, J.;Garwood, M.M.;Stifter, C.A.
  19. The ecology of human development Bronfenbrenner, U.
  20. International Journal of Behavioral Development v.26 Noncompliance and child-rearing attitudes as predictors of aggressive behaviour: A longitudinal study in Chinese children Chen, X.;Li, W.;Chen, H.;Liu, M.
  21. Child Development v.58 Predictors and correlates of anger toward and punitive control of toddlers by adolescent mothers Crockenberg, S.
  22. Parenting toddlers;Handbook of parenting: Vol. 1. Children and parenting Edwards, C.P.;Bornstein, M.H.(ed.)
  23. Developmental consequences of out-of-home care for infants in a low income population;Day care: Scientific and social policy issues Farber, E.A.;Egeland, B.;Zigler, E.(ed.);Gordon, E.(ed.)
  24. Developmental Psychology v.39 Toddlers' selfregulated compliance to mothers, caregivers, and fathers: Implications for theories of socialization Feldman, R.;Klein, P.S.
  25. Prevention of aggression and other behavior problems in the early adolescent years;The development and treatment of childhood aggression Forehand, R.;Long, N.;Pepler, D.J.(ed.);Rubin, K.H.(ed.)
  26. The toddler behavior assessment questionnaire. Unpublished manual Goldsmith, H.
  27. Developmental Psychology v.30 Impact of parental discipline methods on the child's internalization of values: A reconceptualization of current points of view Grusec, J.E.;Goodnow, J.J.
  28. Child Development v.29 Nurturance and nurturance- withdrawal in relation to the dependency behavior of preschool children Hartup, W.W.
  29. Child Development v.57 Family and child care influences on toddler's compliance Howes, C.;Olenick, M.
  30. Child Development v.66 Mother-child mutually positive affect, the quality of child compliance to requests and prohibitions, and maternal control as correlates of early internalization Kochanska, G.;Aksan, N.
  31. Developmental Psychology v.18 Antecedents of self-regulation: A developmental perspective Kopp, C.B.
  32. Developmental Psychology v.26 Development of children's noncompliance strategies from toddlerhood to age 5 Kuczynski, L.;Kochanska, G.
  33. Developmental Psychology v.32 The child behavior scale: A teacher-report measure of young children's aggressive, withdrawal, and prosocial behaviors Ladd, G.W.;Profilet, S.M.
  34. Family Relations v.38 The toddler behavior checklist: A parent-completed assessment of social-emotional characteristics of young preschoolers Larzelere, E.M.;Amberson, A.J.;Martin, G.T.
  35. The influence of child temperamental characteristics on parent behaviors;Parenting: An ecological perspective Lerner, J.V.;Luster, T.(ed.);Okagaki, L.(ed.)
  36. Developmental Psychology v.17 Security of attachment, compliance, and maternal training methods in the second year of life Londerville, S.;Main, M.
  37. American Psychologist v.45 Gender and relationships Maccoby, E.E.
  38. Developmental Psychology v.28 The role of parents in the socialization of children: An historical overview Maccoby, E.E.
  39. The psychology of sex differences Maccoby, E.E.;Jacklin, C.N.
  40. Developmental Psychology v.12 Are behavioral effects of infant day care program specific? Macrae, J.W.;Herbert-Jackson, E.
  41. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, Serial No. 190 v.46 no.3 A longitudinal study of the consequences of early mother-infant interaction: A microanalytic approach Martin, J.A.
  42. Early Child Development and Care v.44 Cooperative behaviour and peer competence in day care and home-reared children Matlock, J.R.;Green, V.P.
  43. Young Children no.July Achieving best practices in infant and toddler care and education McMullen, M.B.
  44. Early Childhood Research Quarterly v.11 Characteristics of infant child care: Factors contributing to positive caregiving NICHD Early Child Care Research Network
  45. Child Development v.69 Early child care and self-control, compliance, and problem behavior at twenty-four and thirty-six months NICHD Early Child Care Research Network
  46. Developmental Psychology v.33 Infant emotionality, parenting, and 3-year inhibition: Exploring stability and lawful discontinuity Park, S.Y.;Belsky, J.;Putnam, S.;Crnic, K.
  47. Child Development v.56 Maternal responsiveness and subsequent child compliance Parpal, M.;Maccoby, E.E.
  48. American Psychologist v.44 A developmental perspective on antisocial behavior Patterson, G.R.;DeBaryshe, B.;Ramsey, E.
  49. Effects of teacher behavior on preschool children: A review of research Phyfe-Perkins, C.
  50. Child Development v.56 Mother- and fater-infant play: A developmental analysis Power, T.G.
  51. International Journal of Behavioral Development v.9 Patterns of early socialization: Mother- and father-infant interaction in the home Power, T.G.;Parke, R.D.
  52. International Journal of Behavioral Development v.18 Aggression and noncompliance among Swedish children in centrebased care, family day care, and home care Prodromidis, M.;Lamb, M.E.;Sternberg, K.J.;Hwang, C.P.;Broberg, A.G.
  53. Development of individual differences intemperament;Advances in developmental psychology Rothbart, M.;Derryberry, D.;Lamb, M.E.(ed.);Brown, A.L.(ed.)
  54. International Journal of Behavioral Development v.18 Maternal control and two-year-olds' compliance and defiance Rothbaum, F.;Crockenberg, S.
  55. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry v.22 A two year follow-up of infants in community-based day care Rubenstein, J.L.;Howes, C.;Boyle, P.
  56. Child temperament and parenting;Handbook of parenting: Vol. 1. Children and parenting Sanson, A.;Rothbart, M.K.;Bornstein, M.H.(ed.)
  57. Developmental Psychology v.16 Child compliance and maternal control techniques Schaffer, H.R.;Crook, C.K.
  58. Child Development v.61 Patterns of compliance from eighteen to thirty months of age Schneider-Rosen, K.;Wenz-Gross, M.
  59. Developmental Psychology v.10 Infant day care: Behavioral effects at preschool age Schwarz, J.C.;Strickland, R.;Krolick, G.
  60. Developmental Psychology v.30 Developmental precursors of externalizing behavior: Ages 1 to 3 Shaw, D.S.;Keenan, K.;Vondra, J.I.
  61. International Journal of Behavioral Development v.14 Does out-of-home care affect compliance in preschoolers? Sternberg, K.J.;Lamb, M.E.;Hwang, C.P.;Broberg, A.;Ketterlinus, R.D.;Bookstein, F.L.
  62. Child Development v.70 Toward a developmental model of child compliance: The role of emotion regulation in infancy Stifter, C.A.;Spinrad, T.L.;Braungart-Rieker, J.M.
  63. Early Childhood Research Quarterly v.5 Development of kindergarten children based on child care arrangements Thornburg, K.R.;Pearl, P.;Crompton, D.;Ispa, J.M.
  64. Child Development v.59 A longitudinal study of children with daycare experiences of varying quality Vandell, D.L.;Henderson, V.K.;Wilson, K.S.
  65. British Journal of Developmental Psychology v.20 The role of parenting, attachment, and temperamental fearfulness in the prediction of compliance in toddler girls van der Mark, I.L.;Bakermans-Kranenburg, M.J.;van IJzendoorn, M.H.
  66. Early experience and human development Wachs, T.D.;Gruen, G.
  67. Children of different worlds: The formation of social behavior Whiting, B.B.;Edwards, C.P.