The Effects of Children's Temperament, Maternal Child-Rearing Behavior, and Child-Care on Children's Noncompliance

아동의 기질, 어머니의 양육행동 및 보육경험이 아동의 불순응 행동에 미치는 영향

  • Ha, Ji Young (Department of Consumer Science and Human Development, Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Park, Sung Yun (Department of Consumer Science and Human Development, Ewha Womans University)
  • 하지영 (이화여자대학교 생활환경대학 소비자.인간발달학과) ;
  • 박성연 (이화여자대학교 생활환경대학 소비자.인간발달학과)
  • Received : 2004.12.31
  • Accepted : 2005.02.19
  • Published : 2005.04.30

Abstract

This study investigated the effects of children's temperament and environmental factors on boys' and girls' noncompliance in ecological context. Observations were made of 62 children(34 boys and 28 girls, $\bar{x}$= 44 months) enrolled in child-care centers. Mothers and caregivers completed questionnaires. Data were analyzed by t-test, Pearson's Correlation, and three way ANOVA. Results showed no significant gender difference in noncompliance. There were correlations between children's activity level, maternal rejection and responsiveness, quantity of child-care and boys' noncompliance. For girls, only activity level and quantity of child-care were related to noncompliance. The effects of maternal child-rearing behavior and child-care variables on noncompliance varied by children's gender and temperament.

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