Flexibility of Mind and Divergent Thinking in Problem Solving Process

수학적 사고의 유연성과 확산적 사고

  • Choi, Youn-Gi (Department of Mathematics Education, Seoul National University) ;
  • Do, Jong-Hoon (Department of Mathematics Education, Seoul National University)
  • Published : 2005.02.28


This paper is designed to characterize the concept of flexibility of mind and analyze relationship between flexibility of mind and divergent thinking in view of mathematical problem solving. This study shows that flexibility of mind is characterized by two constructs, ability to overcome fixed mind in stage of problem understanding and ability to shift a viewpoint in stage of problem solving process, Through the analysis of writing test, we come to the conclusion that students who overcome fixed mind surpass others in divergent thinking and so do students who are able to shift a viewpoint.