Review of Issues and Problems in Using Landscape Ecology Indices

경관생태지수 사용에 대한 고려사항과 문제점에 관한 고찰

  • Lee Sang-Woo (Program in Landscape Architecture, The University of Texas at Arlington, USA) ;
  • Yoon Eun-Joo (Landscape Architecture, The University of Seoul) ;
  • Lee In-Sung (Planning and Landscape Architecture, The University of Seoul)
  • 이상우 (미국 텍사스대학교(알링턴) 조경학과) ;
  • 윤은주 (서울시립대학교 대학원 조경학과) ;
  • 이인성 (서울시립대학교 건축도시조경학부)
  • Published : 2004.10.01

Abstract

경관생태지수는 녹지의 이질성(Heterogeneity)을 계량화하기 위하여 제안되고 발전되어 왔다. 지난 수십년간 많은 연구에서 경관생태지수가 광범위하게 사용되어 그 효용성이 인정되었지만, 경관생태지수의 사용에 따른 많은 문제점들이 제기되고 있다. 본 연구의 목적은 경관생태지수 사용에 따른 고려사항과 문제점들을 기존 연구들을 통해 고찰하고, 이를 기초로 적절한 응용방법을 제안하고자 하는 것으로, 지수의 문제점을 내재적인 문제들과 응용상의 문제들로 구분하여 논의하였다. 지수 자체의 내재적인 문제로는 녹지구조와 기능과의 관계, 녹지구조의 측정 및 대표, 그리고 지수들의 불안정성 등을 들 수 있으며, 응용상의 문제점들로는 지수 선택, 스케일 변화와 피복 분류과정에 개입된 문제, 해석상의 오류 등을 들 수 있다. 이러한 문제들을 최소화하는 방안으로는 첫째, 가설에 입각한 연구가 필요하며, 둘째, 측정하고자 하는 녹지의 공간적 특성을 명확히 규정하여야 하고, 셋째, 변위가 예측 가능한 지수를 사용해야 하고, 넷째, GIS나 인공위성 자료의 축척을 변화시키지 말아야 하며, 마지막으로 다섯째, 피복분류 알고리즘을 사용하여 분류상 오류를 최소화해야 한다는 점이다.

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