복수어업에 있어서의 어업관리수단 평가를 위한 생물경제학적 연구 -미국 멕시코만의 red grouper와 yellowedge grouper 복수어업을 사례로-

A Bioeconomic Analysis on the Evaluation of Alternative Management Policies in the Multispecies Fishery

  • 발행 : 2004.06.01

초록

Since the red grouper stock was initially declared to be overfished by the NMFS in September 2002, the Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council must prepare for the red grouper rebuilding plan considering the following alternative management policies: Total Allowable Catch(TAC), 5 - month season closure, 1800 - pound trip limit, and 50 - fathom longline boundary. The first concern the Council has is to evaluate the effects of recommended policies and the second is to analyze the impact of management policies on yellow edge grouper. This is because the fleets harvest red grouper also catch yellowedge grouper, the regulations on red grouper are likely to allow fishing effort to be distributed into yellowedge grouper. Therefore, this study is aimed at evaluating the biological and economic effects of management policies considering simultaneously the impact of red grouper regulations on yellow edge grouper by developing a combined red grouper and yellowedge grouper bioeconomic model. The overall results indicate that management policies for red grouper would adversely affect the yellowedge grouper stock if yellowedge grouper is not protected by its regulations. The TAC policy has the most serious impact on the yellowedge grouper stock, while the 1800 - pound trip limit policy minimizes the reduction in the yellowedge grouper stock. However, the target stock size of red grouper is achieved as well as the largest net present value of returns is gained in the TAC policy.