Local Scour at a Submarine Pipelines on Slope Beach

경사해빈에 설치된 해저관로의 국부세굴

  • 황현구 (충북대학교 토목공학과) ;
  • 김경호 (충북대학교 토목공학과) ;
  • 연주흠 (충북대학교 토목공학과) ;
  • 오현식 (충북대학교 토목공학과)
  • Published : 2003.09.01


In order to ensure that submarine pipelines are stable and functional during their project lives, attention must be paid to possibility of their local scouring. When a pipeline is placed on an erodible bed, scour will develop and cause the spanning of the pipeline. U they were destroyed partially or fully, it might cause enormous restoration expenses and contamination of sea water. This paper aims at examining the characteristics of the scour End the prediction of the local scour depths around the submarine pipelines. The pipelines on the model beach with the uniform slope are placed, and the local scour depths around the pipelines are obtained according to the various wave steepnesses. Using the experimental results, some parameters needed for analyses are calculated. Finally, empirical equations of the scour depth around the pipelines are suggested through the correlation analyses between the rotative scour depth. the KC number and Modified Ursell number.

해저관로가 사용 기간동안 안정적으로 그 기능을 다하도록 하기 위해서는 설계 시 국부세굴의 가능성을 주의 깊게 살펴보아야 한다. 관로가 침식성 해저바닥 위에 놓여지면 세굴이 일어나고 관로가 밑으로 쳐져서 팽팽하게 된다. 이로 인해 해저관로의 부분 흑은 전체가 파괴된다면 막대한 복구비용이 소요될 뿐만 아니라 해양오염을 초래할 수도 있다 본 논문에서는 실험을 통해서 해저관로 주변의 세굴특성을 알아보았다. 일정경사면 을 갖는 모형해빈상에 모형관로를 설치하고 파형경사를 달리해 가면서 실험을 수행하였다. 그리고 실험결과로부터 얻은 데이터를 이용하여 분석에 필요한 매개변수 값들을 산정 하였다. 상대세굴심과 KC수, 수정 Ursell수와의 상관관계를 분석하여, 국부세굴심에 대한 경험식을 제시하였다.



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