Use of Modern Non­destructive Techniques in High Temperature Degradation of Material and Coatings

  • Lee, C. K. (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Seoul National University of Technology) ;
  • Y. H. Sohn (Advanced Materials Processing and Analysis Center(AMPAC), University of Central Florida)
  • Published : 2003.12.01


The durability and reliability of thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) play an important role in the service reliability, availability and maintainability (RAM) of hot­section components in advanced turbine engines for aero and utility applications. Photostimulated luminescence spectroscopy (PSLS) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) are being concurrently developed as complimentary non­destructive evaluation (NDE) techniques for quality control and life­remain assessment of TBCs. This paper overviews the governing principles and applications of the luminescence and the impedance examined in the light of residual stress, phase constituents and resistance (or capacitance) in TBC constituents including the thermally grown oxide (TGO) scale. Results from NDE by PSLS and EIS are discussed and related to the microstructural development during high temperature thermal cycling, examined by using a variety of microscopic techniques including focused ion beam (FIB) in­situ lift­out (INLO), transmission and scanning transmission electron microscopy (TEM and STEM).