The Physical Properties and Dyeability of the Degummed and Sericin Fixed Silk Fabrics

정련 및 세리신 정착처리 견직물의 물리적 성질과 염색성

  • 이은미 (한국교원대학교 가정교육과) ;
  • 이혜자 (한국교원대학교 가정교육과) ;
  • 유혜자 (서원대학교 의류직물학과)
  • Published : 2003.05.01

Abstract

We studied the physical properties of silk fabrics after degumming, the dyeability and the color fastness of silk fabrics after degumming and sericin fixing. As the sericin was removed from silk fabrics, the rate of weight loss increased and both the abrasion resistance and the drape coefficient decreased. This means that the amount of the sericin remained in silk fabrics significantly affects the physical properties of silk fabrics. On the surface and the cross-section of silk fabrics, the silk fibers enclosed by the sericin seemed to be in a lump shape. Each fibroin strand, however, got scattered, as the process of degumming went through. The dyeability of silk fabrics degummed decreased at between 20$^{\circ}C$∼80$^{\circ}C$ the dyeing temperature, on the other hand, it significantly increased over 80$^{\circ}C$. The dyeability of the sericin-fixed silk fabrics was lower than that of the non-serin-fixed silk fabrics, to a little extent. The colorfastness of crocking in the dyed-silk fabrics was a little low and that of the sweat was much lower in a basic sweat. Especially, the colorfastness of the partially degummed silk fabrics was low, because the sericin was not stable in the condition of sweat. Therefore, the process of sericin fixing is essentially required, for the partially degummed silk fabrics and the process of degumming itself.

References

  1. 효성여자대학교 대학원 박사학위 논문 한복지의 역학적 특성과 착용성능에 관한 연구 권오경
  2. 한국섬유공학회지 v.18 no.2 반응성염료에 의한 견의 균일 염색 연구 김노수;조현태;장영
  3. 경희대학교 대학원 박사학위 논문 한복재료의 견뢰도 및 착용감에 관한 연구 나의숙
  4. 실크과학 남중희;신봉섭
  5. 한국섬유공학회지 v.17 no.2 C. I. reactive Orange 16에 의한 견직물 염색 박병기;김진우;허영우
  6. 효성 카톨릭대학교 대학원 석사학위 논문 시판 한복지의 열 · 수분이동 특성 성은정
  7. 한국염색가공학회지 v.2 no.3 견섬유의 염색에 있어서 첨가용제의 영향(Ⅱ) 윤남식;임용진;이동수;이인전
  8. 섬유제품의 성능유지와 관리 이전숙(외5인)
  9. 한국방송통신대학논문집 v.5 시판 견직물의 염색견뢰도 조성교
  10. Am. dyest. Rep. v.81 no.9 견의 정련 효과의 비교 Shukla,S.R.(et al.)