An Interpretation of Process Capability Index and Process Performance Index

  • 남호수 (동서대학교 정보시스템공학부 산업공학)
  • Published : 2002.10.31


The control chart is widely used tool for monitoring of the process. This paper deals with an interpretation of the process capability index(PCI) and process performance index(PPI) when the control chart is used for monitoring of the process. The main difference between the PCI and PPI is how we did estimate the process deviation. The PCI uses the within process variation and the PPI uses the total process variation, which is conceptually defined as sum of between process variation and within process variation. Easy interpretations of the PCI and PPI for field engineers are described. And some new approaches to interpretation of the process capability and performance index may be useful in early stabilization of new process.


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